Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee 200A


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x AJ60-92

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 96.08%. First Fail Date: 1974-01-13. Last Fail Date: 1978-02-04.

Gross mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb).
Height: 12.60 m (41.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).
First Launch: 1972.11.20.
Last Launch: 1978.02.04.
Number: 51 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...

Associated Stages
  • AJ60-92 Nitric acid/Aniline propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 700/131 kg. Thrust 22.60 kN. More...
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Aerobee 200A Chronology


1972 November 20 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.13GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 January 18 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.01CS.
  • LPARL X-ray spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1973 June 11 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.02CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1973 July 25 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.04GP.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1973 July 25 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.113GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi).

1973 August 23 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.08GG.
  • 13-in RC Flight 1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1973 September 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.20GS.
  • Extreme ultraviolet solar spectrum Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1973 October 24 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.06UG.
  • JHU UVT F7 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1973 November 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.09US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 December 19 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.03CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 January 5 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.23UG-UP.
  • JHU UVS Kohoutek Optical / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1974 January 8 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.22DG-DP.
  • NRL NB12.271 Aeronomy / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1974 January 13 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.24UG-UP. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1974 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.14CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.07CS.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 February 9 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.21UG.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 February 12 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.31UG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.11GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 March 21 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.29UE.
  • Auroral Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.18US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1974 June 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.36US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 June 22 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.26GG.
  • 13-in RC Flight 2 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 June 27 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.15CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1974 September 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.25DG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 October 3 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.37GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 October 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.16AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.42UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1974 November 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.41US.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1974 December 28 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.30UG.
  • Crab occultation Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1975 February 1 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.27GG.
  • 13-in RC Flight 3 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 February 13 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.40UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1975 March 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.32UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1975 March 15 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.39UG.
  • JHU UVT F8 (Saturn) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1975 October 3 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.47DH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1976 March 5 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.50UC.
  • JHU UVS Comet West Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1976 March 23 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.55GG.
  • GSFC NGC 4151 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1976 March 26 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.17AS.
  • Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1976 April 21 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.49DH.
  • NRL XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1976 May 11 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.38GH.
  • CIT Cyg X-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1976 August 4 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.43US.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1976 October 30 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.56DG.
  • NRL Mk II ultraviolet Camera Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.54UH.
  • CAL X-ray study X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.52DH.
  • NRL XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1977 February 17 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.57GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1977 February 21 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.51UG.
  • JHU UVT F9 (Alpha Centauri) Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1977 February 23 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.53DH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1977 March 22 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.59UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1977 May 25 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.61UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1977 October 2 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.65IH-UH.
  • SAO XR / Italy XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 December 11 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.60GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1978 February 4 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.63UH. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

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