Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee 100


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee 100

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1962-11-20. Last Fail Date: 1962-11-20.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.80 m (25.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1958.02.18.
Last Launch: 1962.11.20.
Number: 19 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Point Mugu US Naval Air Station and major missile testing centre, known to have been used for 2551 launches from 1955 to 2005. The actual total of missile tests is many times greater. More...
  • Eglin This US Air Force proving ground and missile test range, based in Valparaiso, Florida and extending over a vast expanse of the Gulf of Mexico, was founded in 1935, In early 1946 the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin. The highly-instrumented Eglin Gulf Test Range supported flight tests of Bomarc, Matador, Quail, and Hound Dog cruise missiles. Both the military and NASA used Eglin to support launch of sounding rockets in support of their programs. Eglin was known to have been used for 441 launches from 1959 to 1980, reaching up to 686 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests was many times greater. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...
  • Aerobee 100-2 Nitric acid/Aniline propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 500/119 kg. Thrust 11.50 kN. More...

Aerobee 100 Chronology


1958 February 18 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NRL 51.
  • Aerobee Jr Test / imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 September 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 AA1.260C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1960 September 15 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 AA1.126.
  • Solar Constant Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1960 September 15 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.03GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 September 24 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.05GP.
  • AMPP Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1960 November 23 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.01GI.
  • OkSU quiet night Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1960 November 27 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.02GI.
  • OkSU quiet day Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1961 May 17 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.04GP.
  • AMPP FU6 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 May 19 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.06GP.
  • AMPP FU5 Remote sensing mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1961 September 23 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.08GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1961 September 30 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.09GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1961 October 15 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.10GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1961 October 17 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.07GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1961 October 25 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 SEABEE.
  • Hydra - . Nation: USA. Agency: USMC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1961 November 2 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.11GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1961 November 5 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.12GA.
  • Air sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1962 May 1 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 AA1.193.
  • Gyro interaction Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1962 September 6 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.13NA.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 100. LV Configuration: Aerobee 100 NASA 01.14NA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

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