Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee 200


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x AJ60-92

The Astrobee 200 consisted of an M5 Nike booster and an Aerojet Alcor upper stage, and could reach an altitude of about 300 km (185 miles). It was exclusively used by the USAF's Air Force Cambridge Research Lab, which fired ten of these rockets between 30 June 1961 and 14 December 1966 with aeronomy and ionosphere experiments.

Gross mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb).
Height: 12.60 m (41.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Thrust: 225.00 kN (50,582 lbf).
Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).
First Launch: 1974.09.04.
Last Launch: 1976.05.11.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...

Associated Stages
  • AJ60-92 Nitric acid/Aniline propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 700/131 kg. Thrust 22.60 kN. More...
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Aerobee 200 Chronology


1974 September 4 - . 10:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200 CRL A05.391-1.
  • HISTAR 8 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1974 September 11 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200 CRL A05.391-2.
  • HISTAR 9 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 September 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200 CRL A05.391-3.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1976 May 11 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200 NASA 26.45CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

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