Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee 300



aerb300a.jpg
Aerobee 300
American sounding rocket. The Aerobee 300, also called the Sparrowbee, consisted of an Aerobee 150 or Aerobee 180 lower stage with a 20 cm diameter Sparrow rocket as an upper stage. The Sparrow would ignite at 35 km altitude at 53 seconds into the flight, and boost the payload to 10,000 kph, allowing it to coast up to 420 km apogee. The rocket was designed for studies of the sun above the atmosphere and was only fired from Fort Churchill (the White Sands range was too small to cover the possible impact points of the high-altitude rocket).

The sounding rocket as launched from Wallops Station could lift a 25 kg University of Michigan payload to 350 km altitude.

Payload: 45 kg (99 lb) to a 300 km altitude. Failures: 4. First Fail Date: 1958-10-22. Last Fail Date: 1960-07-27.

Gross mass: 983 kg (2,167 lb).
Payload: 45 kg (99 lb).
Height: 9.90 m (32.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Thrust: 18.00 kN (4,046 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1958.10.22.
Last Launch: 1965.03.20.
Number: 21 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Eglin This US Air Force proving ground and missile test range, based in Valparaiso, Florida and extending over a vast expanse of the Gulf of Mexico, was founded in 1935, In early 1946 the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin. The highly-instrumented Eglin Gulf Test Range supported flight tests of Bomarc, Matador, Quail, and Hound Dog cruise missiles. Both the military and NASA used Eglin to support launch of sounding rockets in support of their programs. Eglin was known to have been used for 441 launches from 1959 to 1980, reaching up to 686 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests was many times greater. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...
  • Aerobee 150-2 Nitric acid/Aniline propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 700/133 kg. Thrust 17.80 kN. More...

Aerobee 300 Chronology


1958 October 22 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.01. FAILURE: Shut down early by range safety when the missile went off course..
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Summary: First flight of the Aerobee 300 / Spaerobee. The Aerobee was shut down early by range safety when the missile went off course..

1958 October 25 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.02.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi).

1958 November 30 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 ABM10.200.
  • Te probe Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1958 December 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NN10.001. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Field / ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1958 December 3 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NN10.002.
  • Field / ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1959 October 25 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.184C.
  • Utah ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi).

1959 October 28 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.185C.
  • Utah ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1959 November 6 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.187C.
  • Utah ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi).

1959 November 14 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.165C.
  • GRD sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1959 November 22 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.186C. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1960 January 14 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 1.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 February 16 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 2.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 March 16 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 3.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 March 16 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.01UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1960 June 15 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.02UI.
  • UM ionosphere probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1960 July 27 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1960 August 10 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 5.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi).

1960 August 31 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 TATTLETALE PCC 6.
  • Signals intelligence test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 March 8 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 AA10.192.
  • Ne / RPA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1964 July 28 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.10GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. LV Configuration: Aerobee 300 NASA 06.11GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use