Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee AJ10-27


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee AJ10-27

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1955.06.16.
Last Launch: 1955.12.13.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Holloman Military missile and sounding rocket launch site. Also notable for several rocket-powered sleds, used to test a variety of manned and unmanned aircraft and aerospace vehicles at supersonic speeds. Known to have been used for 147 major launches from 1948 to 1959, reaching up to 235 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee AJ10-27 Chronology


1955 June 16 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-27 USAF 56.
  • Classified mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Summary: Special classified flight research. Launched at 1811 local time. Reached 202.8 km..

1955 September 14 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-27 USAF 58.
  • UM wind vanes Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Summary: Rocket aerodynamics test. Launched at 0630 local time. Reached 95 km..

1955 September 30 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-27 USAF 59.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Summary: Solar limb darkening research. Launched at 0850 local time. Reached 74 km..

1955 December 13 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-27 USAF 61.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Summary: Lyman alpha, solar limb darkening research. Launched at 1058 local time. Reached 138.4 km..

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