Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee AJ10-34


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee AJ10-34

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1956.05.08.
Last Launch: 1960.02.13.
Number: 14 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Holloman Military missile and sounding rocket launch site. Also notable for several rocket-powered sleds, used to test a variety of manned and unmanned aircraft and aerospace vehicles at supersonic speeds. Known to have been used for 147 major launches from 1948 to 1959, reaching up to 235 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee AJ10-34 Chronology


1956 May 8 - . 14:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 65.
  • Far ultraviolet spectrometer / La imager Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1956 June 13 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 67.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1351 local time. Reached 137.8 km..

1956 June 18 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 68.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1342 local time. Reached 130.8 km..

1956 June 21 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 69.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1148 local time. Reached 146.5 km..

1956 June 26 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 70.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1120 local time. Reached 111.1 km..

1956 July 31 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 71.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Summary: Day airglow research. Launched at 1756 local time. Reached 128.8 km..

1956 October 23 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AM2.21.
  • Pressure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Summary: Pressure, temperature, density research. Launched at 0240 local time. Reached 145 km..

1956 November 1 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 73.
  • Sodium Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Summary: Sodium emission research. Launched at 0557 local time. Reached 68 km..

1956 November 2 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 74.
  • Sodium Release 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1957 February 2 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 USAF 76.
  • Firefly (Ethelyne) Aeronomy / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Summary: Ethylene gas release (Firefly). Launched at 0105 local time. Reached 140.6 km..

1959 May 5 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AA2.141C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1959 October 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AA2.102C.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1959 October 20 - . 14:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AA2.240C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1960 February 13 - . 00:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34. LV Configuration: Aerobee AJ10-34 AA2.143C.
  • Ultraviolet airglow spectra Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

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