Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee RTV-A-1


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee XASR-1

Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1949-12-15. Last Fail Date: 1951-05-29.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1949.12.02.
Last Launch: 1952.12.12.
Number: 28 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Holloman Military missile and sounding rocket launch site. Also notable for several rocket-powered sleds, used to test a variety of manned and unmanned aircraft and aerospace vehicles at supersonic speeds. Known to have been used for 147 major launches from 1948 to 1959, reaching up to 235 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee RTV-A-1 Chronology


1949 December 2 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 1.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy / imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi). Summary: Solar radiation, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1520 local time. Reached 96 km. First firing of USAF Aerobee research rocket (RTV-A-1a) at Holoman AFB, the development of which was initiated earlier in the year..

1949 December 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1010 local time. Reached 0.3 km..

1950 March 14 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar X-rays / Airglow Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: Solar radiation, sky brightness research. Launched at 1343 local time. Reached 3.2 km..

1950 May 26 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 4.
  • Insolation Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1243 local time. Reached 67.6 km..

1950 June 2 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 5.
  • Optical Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Summary: Sky brightness research. Launched at 1007 local time. Reached 24.8 km..

1950 June 20 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 6.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Summary: Temperature, pressure research. Launched at 0838 local time. Reached 92.6 km..

1950 October 12 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 7.
  • Photo / Temp Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Summary: Photography research. Launched at 1236 local time. Reached 91.3 km..

1950 November 2 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 8.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi). Summary: Airglow research. Launched at 0929 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1950 December 12 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 9.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1126 local time. Reached 108.2 km..

1951 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 10.
  • GRD-2 NaCl release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Summary: Airglow research. Launched at 1614 local time. Reached 68 km..

1951 April 12 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 11.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1029 local time. Reached 20 km..

1951 April 18 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 12.
  • Aeromed 1 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Summary: Biological research. Launched at 1139 local time. Reached 61.2 km. The first Aerobee research rocket containing a biomedical experiment (monkey - name unknown)..

1951 May 29 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 13. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1246 local time. Reached 3.7 km..

1951 June 8 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 14.
  • Solar X-rays / NaCl release Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Solar radiation, airglow research. Launched at 1711 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1951 July 25 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 15.
  • Airglow / NLC Imager Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi). Summary: Sky brightness, photography research. Launched at 0926 local time. Reached 71.3 km..

1951 August 7 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 16.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 0036 local time. Reached 83.5 km..

1951 September 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 18.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Summary: Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 0437 local time. Reached 75.7 km..

1951 September 20 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 19.
  • Aeromed 2 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi). Biological research. Launched at 0931 local time. Reached 70.8 km. USAF made first successful recovery of animals from a rocket flight when an instrumented monkey (Yorick aka Albert VI) and 11 mice survived an Aerobee flight to an altitude of 70.8 km from Holloman AFB.

1952 February 29 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 23.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Sky brightness research. Launched at 0740 local time. Reached 89.3 km..

1952 April 22 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 24.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1028 local time. Reached 112.7 km..

1952 May 1 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 25.
  • Solar flux Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1952 May 21 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 26.
  • Aeromed 3 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Biological research. Launched at 0818 local time. Reached 26.1 km. Air Force Aerobee rocket placed an aeromedical payload containing two Phillipine monkeys (Pat and Mike) and two mice to an altitude of 26.1 km, which were recovered unharmed and without apparent ill effect.

1952 June 18 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 27.
  • UV / Opt spectrographs Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1050 local time. Reached 99.8 km..

1952 June 30 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 28.
  • AF Airglow 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Summary: Sky brightness research. Launched at 0732 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1952 October 10 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 30.
  • UV / Opt spectrographs Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0724 local time. Reached 109.5 km..

1952 October 22 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 31.
  • T-day Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 0735 local time. Reached 99.8 km..

1952 November 6 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 32.
  • AF Airglow 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Summary: Sky brightness research. Launched at 0858 local time. Reached 75.7 km..

1952 December 12 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-A-1 USAF 33.
  • Colorado / UVS? Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1238 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

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