Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee RTV-N-8


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee XASR-1

Failures: 4. First Fail Date: 1947-11-24. Last Fail Date: 1949-03-24.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1947.09.25.
Last Launch: 1950.02.14.
Number: 19 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee RTV-N-8 Chronology


1947 September 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A1.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment..

1947 October 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A2.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment..

1947 October 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A3.
  • Dummy launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment..

1947 November 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Particles Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Summary: Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment. First complete Aerobee rocket was fired to a height of 190,000 feet from White Sands Proving Ground, N. Mex..

1948 March 5 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A5.
  • Particles Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 1020 local time. Reached 117.5 km..

1948 April 13 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A6.
  • B field Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Summary: Magnetic field research. Launched at 1551 local time. Reached 114.3 km..

1948 July 26 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A7.
  • Earth imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi). Photography research. Launched at 1441 local time. Reached 112.7 km. Two separate rockets fired from White Sands, one a V-2 which reached an altitude of 87 km, the other a Navy Aerobee which reached an altitude of 112.7 km, carried cameras which photographed the curvature of the earth.

1948 August 6 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 1.
  • Aerobee Venus 1 Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Summary: Solar radiation, pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1837 local time. Reached 96.6 km..

1948 November 2 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A8.
  • CR / Solar Particles / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, solar radiation research. Launched at 0947 local time. Reached 91 km..

1949 January 29 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 2.
  • Venus 2 Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, solar radiation, pressure, temperature, ionosphere research. Launched at 2317 local time. Reached 96.6 km..

1949 February 1 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 3. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Venus 3 Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1138 local time. Failure..

1949 March 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A9. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ship launch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Dummy firing, no upper-air research experiment. Launched at 1715 local time..

1949 March 17 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.1 S x 88.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A10.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Reached 104.6 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-1 - Latitude: 10.80 S, Longitude:89.23 W..

1949 March 22 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.1 S x 88.4 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A11.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Launched at 1730 GMT. Reached 104.6 km. Launched by vessel AVM1 from Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-2 - Latitude: 11.10 S, Longitude:88.43 W..

1949 March 24 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 11.3 S x 82.1 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A12. FAILURE: Sustainer took off without booster..
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Cosmic radiation, magnetic field research. Launched at 1514 GMT. A pressure valve defect resulted in the sustainer taking off without the booster; reached 6 km. Launched from vessel ACM1 Norton Sound at Atlantic Ocean Launch Site 1-3 - Latitude: 11.27 S, Longitude:82.13 W.

1949 June 15 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 5.
  • Ozone spectrograph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1903 local time. Reached 109.5 km..

1949 June 17 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A13.
  • Classified mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Classified flight. Launched at 0450 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1949 June 23 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 A14.
  • CR / Solar Particles / solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, solar radiation research. Launched at 1621 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1950 February 14 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-8. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-8 NRL 4.
  • Cosmic gamma Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1614 local time. Reached 87.6 km..

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