Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee XASR-SC-1


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee XASR-1

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1951-06-08. Last Fail Date: 1951-06-08.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1948.12.09.
Last Launch: 1956.08.10.
Number: 21 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee XASR-SC-1 Chronology


1948 December 9 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 1.
  • Air sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1538 local time. Reached 91.6 km..

1949 June 2 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 2.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0610 local time. Reached 78.4 km..

1949 July 21 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 4.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0901 local time. Reached 76.1 km..

1949 September 20 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 5.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1003 local time. Reached 58.6 km..

1949 December 6 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 3.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1132 local time. Reached 64.9 km..

1949 December 7 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 7.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1950 February 22 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 9.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1754 local time. Reached 49.1 km..

1950 March 4 - . 00:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 6.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: Temperature research. Launched at 1736 local time. Reached 72.4 km..

1950 July 14 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 8.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 0139 local time. Reached 69.2 km..

1951 June 8 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 1818 local time. Reached 6.4 km..

1951 June 9 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 18.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1951 September 27 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 21.
  • Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1706 local time. Reached 68.9 km..

1951 November 1 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 20.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 0245 local time. Reached 66 km..

1951 November 3 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 22.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 1735 local time. Reached 82.4 km..

1952 May 15 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 23.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Summary: Density research. Launched at 1815 local time. Reached 76.1 km..

1952 May 20 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 24.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 1907 local time. Reached 90.1 km..

1952 September 25 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 25.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2050 local time. Reached 117.5 km..

1952 December 11 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 29.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 1647 local time. Reached 104.6 km..

1953 September 5 - . 05:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 33.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Summary: Density research. Launched at 2236 local time. Reached 105.5 km..

1956 August 9 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 34 (S/N 17).
  • Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0853 local time. Reached 85.5 km..

1956 August 10 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-1. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-1 SC 35 (S/N 10).
  • Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0822 local time. Reached 85.9 km..

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