Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee XASR-SC-2


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee XASR-1

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1950-12-11. Last Fail Date: 1950-12-11.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1950.04.26.
Last Launch: 1953.09.01.
Number: 13 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee XASR-SC-2 Chronology


1950 April 26 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 11.
  • Air Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1811 local time. Reached 99.5 km..

1950 October 17 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 10.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2100 local time. Reached 80.5 km..

1950 October 18 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 12.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1950 October 27 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 13.
  • Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0630 local time. Reached 80.2 km..

1950 December 11 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2106 local time. Reached 83.9 km..

1950 December 12 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 14.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1950 December 12 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 16.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1950 December 19 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 17.
  • Sampling Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1152 local time. Reached 81.9 km..

1952 October 23 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 26.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2045 local time. Reached 111.1 km..

1953 February 18 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 27.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 2350 local time. Reached 106.2 km..

1953 April 23 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 30.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1953 April 24 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 28.
  • Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Summary: Temperature, winds research. Launched at 0319 local time. Reached 107.8 km..

1953 September 1 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee XASR-SC-2. LV Configuration: Aerobee XASR-SC-2 SC 32.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Summary: Density research. Launched at 2205 local time. Reached 107.8 km..

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