Encyclopedia Astronautica
Aerobee RTV-N-10


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Aerobee Booster + 1 x Aerobee XASR-1

Failures: 4. First Fail Date: 1950-08-03. Last Fail Date: 1956-06-22.

Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb).
Height: 7.90 m (25.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1950.01.15.
Last Launch: 1957.09.17.
Number: 27 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Aerobee In late 1945 James Van Allen was assigned by John Hopkins University to survey sounding rocket requirements for upper atmosphere research. The V-2 was found to be too heavy and complex. In 1946 Van Allen decided that what was needed was a small rocket, derived from the Aerojet Wac Corporal and the Bumblebee missile developed under a US Navy program. This combination of an Aerojet booster and a Bumblebee second stage was dubbed the Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Bering Sea Sea-launched sounding rocket launch area known to have been used for 2 launches in 1950, reaching up to 80 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...

Associated Stages
  • Aerobee 300A-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 272/153 kg. Thrust 80.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 167 seconds. Typical ideal dV=259 m/s; gravity and drag losses = 25 m/s. More...

Aerobee RTV-N-10 Chronology


1950 January 15 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Bering Sea. Launch Pad: 58.0 N x 170.0 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A15.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 2345 GMT. Reached 72.4 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Bering Sea Launch Site 1 (APL Aerobee/Norton Sound) - Latitude: 58.00 N, Longitude:170.00 W..

1950 January 18 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Bering Sea. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 170.0 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A16.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 2317 GMT. Reached 80.5 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Bering Sea Launch Site 2 (APL Aerobee/Norton Sound) - Latitude: 50.00 N, Longitude:170.00 W..

1950 May 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A17.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 0530 local time. Reached 88.1 km..

1950 August 3 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35?. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sunfollower / SX Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 1652 local time. Reached 6 km..

1950 August 17 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A18.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 0845 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1951 January 22 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A19.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Summary: Composition research. Launched at 1555 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1951 January 25 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A20.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0800 local time. Reached 90.1 km..

1951 February 6 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A21.
  • Earth photography Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Summary: Photography research. Launched at 1020 local time. Reached 98.2 km..

1952 February 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 7. FAILURE: Failure..
  • Sunfollower / SX Solar / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Summary: Sky brightness research. Launched at 0745 local time. Failure..

1952 April 30 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 8.
  • Ultraviolet detectors Solar ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, solar radiation research. Launched at 0630 local time. Reached 127.8 km..

1952 May 1 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 9.
  • Ultraviolet detectors Solar x-ray and ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0842 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1952 May 5 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 10.
  • Ultraviolet detectors Solar x-ray / ultraviolet / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation, solar radiation research. Launched at 0644 local time. Reached 127 km..

1952 September 3 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 11.
  • Sunfollower / SX Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Summary: Solar radiation research. Launched at 0749 local time. Reached 99 km..

1953 February 10 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy / chemical / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Summary: Composition, cosmic radiation research. Launched at 1409 local time. Reached 137 km..

1953 February 12 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 13.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy / chemical / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi). Summary: Composition, cosmic radiation research. Launched at 0009 local time. Reached 137.3 km..

1953 November 19 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 14.
  • Oxygen content Solar x-ray / ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Summary: Solar spectrum research. Launched at 1540 local time. Reached 112.6 km..

1953 November 25 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 15.
  • Oxygen content Solar x-ray / ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Summary: Solar spectrum research. Launched at 0846 local time. Reached 95.1 km..

1953 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 16.
  • Oxygen content Solar x-ray / ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Summary: Solar spectrum research. Launched at 0830 local time. Reached 129.6 km..

1954 February 2 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 20.
  • Sunfollower UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Summary: Solar ultraviolet research. Launched at 1135 local time. Reached 101 km..

1954 April 9 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 18.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Summary: Gas composition research. Launched at 1412 local time. Reached 143 km..

1954 April 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Gas composition research. Launched at 0200 local time. Reached 5 km..

1955 March 19 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 26.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi). Summary: Night airglow research. Launched at 2300 local time. Reached 114.3 km..

1955 July 8 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 23.
  • Mass spectrometers Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi). Summary: Ion composition research. Launched at 0139 local time. Reached 113.4 km..

1955 November 17 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 25.
  • Meteorites / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Summary: Night airglow, meteors research. Launched at 0200 local time. Reached 105 km..

1955 November 29 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 24.
  • Mass spectrometers Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Summary: Ion composition research. Launched at 1016 local time. Reached 132 km..

1956 June 22 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 22. FAILURE: Failure.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi). Summary: Ionosphere research. Launched at 1242 local time. Reached 5 km..

1957 September 17 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 NRL 21.
  • Sunfollower / UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi). Summary: Solar spectrum research. Launched at 0704 local time. Reached 51.1 km..

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