Encyclopedia Astronautica
Antares


French test vehicle. Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere.

Payload: 35 kg (77 lb) to a 280 km altitude. Success Rate: 100.00%. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1961.
Gross mass: 1,770 kg (3,900 lb).
Payload: 35 kg (77 lb).
Height: 12.10 m (39.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft).
Thrust: 200.00 kN (44,960 lbf).
Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).
First Launch: 1960.11.25.
Last Launch: 1961.05.13.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Antares Antares was a re-entry vehicle test booster. The first three stages lofted the fourth stage and RV model to 150 km altitude. The fourth stage then fired downward to ram the RV at Mach 7 into the atmosphere. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ONERA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Melanie Solid rocket stage. 38.00 kN (8,543 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Antares Chronology


1960 November 25 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 March 7 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 012.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Antares. Launch Vehicle: Antares. LV Configuration: Antares 013.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

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