Encyclopedia Astronautica
Asp



nikeasp.jpg
Nike-Asp
American sounding rocket. Sounding rocket (Atmospheric Sounding Projectile) originally designed against a US Navy Bureeau of Ships requirement to sample the mushroom clouds of nuclear explosions. Developed by Cooper Development Corporation for the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. Flight test in 1956. Designed to lift 13.6 kg to 40 km.

The single stage vehicle used the Grand Central Rocket motor developed to replace the Deacon, but which had lost the Air Force competition to the Thiokol Cajun. After tests at White Sands, two salvos of six rockets were fired during the Operation Redwing nuclear tests. The rocket would later be combined with a Nike first stage for upper atmosphere and solar research.

Payload: 11 kg (24 lb) to a 110 km altitude. Failures: 16. Success Rate: 88.73%. First Fail Date: 1957-05-01. Last Fail Date: 1963-02-18. Launch data is: complete.

AKA: Atmospheric Sounding Projectile.
Status: Retired 1963.
Gross mass: 111 kg (244 lb).
Payload: 11 kg (24 lb).
Height: 3.68 m (12.07 ft).
Diameter: 0.17 m (0.54 ft).
Span: 0.51 m (1.67 ft).
Thrust: 42.00 kN (9,441 lbf).
Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).
First Launch: 1955.12.01.
Last Launch: 1962.06.14.
Number: 30 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Asp Sounding rocket (Atmospheric Sounding Projectile) originally designed against a US Navy Bureeau of Ships requirement to sample the mushroom clouds of nuclear explosions. Developed by Cooper Development Corporation for the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory. Flight test in 1956. Designed to lift 13.6 kg to 40 km. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Cooper American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Cooper Development Company, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Emme, Eugene M, Aeronautics and Astronautics: An American Chronology of Science and Technology in the Exploration of Space 1915-1960, NASA, 1961. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Launch Log, October 1998. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Alway, Peter, Rockets of the World, Saturn Press, Ann Arbor, 1995.

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Point Mugu US Naval Air Station and major missile testing centre, known to have been used for 2551 launches from 1955 to 2005. The actual total of missile tests is many times greater. More...
  • Bikini Nuclear test site. Sounding rockets were launched from here to monitor blast and fallout of nuclear explosions. Bikini was known to have been used for 13 launches from 1956 to 1956, reaching up to 75 kilometers altitude. More...
  • China Lake US Navy aviation ordnance and rocketry development and test center, in operation since 1943 as the Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) . More...
  • Mercury Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 9 launches in 1957, reaching up to 30 kilometers altitude, for support of nuclear tests. More...
  • Tonopah Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site. Conducted launches in support of US nuclear weapons development programs. Known to have been used for 93 launches from 1957 to 1986, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Asp Solid rocket stage. 26.00 kN (5,845 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Asp Chronology


1955 December 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 December 27 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 1.
  • Redwing prototype test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Summary: First prototype of Asp (atmospheric sounding projectile) sounding rocket, capable of payloads up to 80 pounds, launched successfully at NAMTC at Point Mugu, Calif..

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 January 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 February 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. LV Configuration: Asp 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 May 1 - . Launch Site: Bikini. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Redwing 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 May 1 - . Launch Site: Bikini. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Redwing 2 (to 40) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 June 1 - . Launch Site: Bikini. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Redwing 2 (to 40) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 July 1 - . Launch Site: Bikini. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Redwing 2 (to 40) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1956 July 21 - . Launch Site: Bikini. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • PMR Redwing 41 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 May 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1957 June 1 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 June 1 - . Launch Site: China Lake. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 June 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 July 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 July 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 July 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 August 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 August 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 September 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 September 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 October 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1957 October 1 - . Launch Site: Mercury. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Plumbob Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1962 June 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Pershing meteo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

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