Encyclopedia Astronautica
Astrobee F


American sounding rocket. Single stage solid-fueled dual-thrust rocket replacement for the Aerobee 150.

It had the same diameter and payload interfaces, allowing proven Aerobee payloads to be used without significant changes.

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 95.92%. First Fail Date: 1974-05-08. Last Fail Date: 1979-01-28.

Gross mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Height: 11.50 m (37.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.38 m (1.24 ft).
Thrust: 178.00 kN (40,015 lbf).
Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).
First Launch: 1972.09.26.
Last Launch: 1983.03.02.
Number: 49 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Astrobee Aerojet-designed family of sounding rockets conceived as a lower-cost replacement of the liquid-propellant Aerobee. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Aerojet American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Aerojet, Sacramento, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Wallops Island LA1 Little Joe, Iris, Astrobee, Aerobee, Little Joe 1 2C launch complex. Aerobee Launcher, Launch Area 1 More...

Associated Stages
  • Astrobee F-1 Solid rocket stage. 36.40 kN (8,183 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,300 kg (2,866 lb). More...

Astrobee F Chronology


1972 September 26 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. Launch Pad: LA1?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 12.20GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 May 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 12.21GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1975 May 15 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.03GT-NP.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1975 October 14 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F CRL A31.320-02.
  • Zodiacal infrared Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.13CS-NT.
  • LPARL Solar Corona Solar x-ray / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.15GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 February 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • LUX / ASE Wolter I Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1977 March 12 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.20UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1977 March 19 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.25UE.
  • Auroral Oxides Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 July 21 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.16GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1977 July 27 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.21UH.
  • Wolter I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1977 September 29 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.22UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi).

1977 December 11 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.17GG.
  • UIT-Prototype F1 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1978 January 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.29GA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1978 January 10 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.12UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1978 January 21 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F GL A31.603.
  • CHARGING Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1978 March 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.23UH.
  • Wolter I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1978 March 13 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.31UE.
  • Auroral NO Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1978 May 15 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.26DG.
  • NRL Mk II ultraviolet Camera Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1978 July 20 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.37UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1978 September 20 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.28UL.
  • Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1978 September 26 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.42GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1978 December 1 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.38UL.
  • JHU UVT F9 (Jupiter) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1978 December 11 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.01UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1979 January 9 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.32UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1979 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.10AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.41UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitric Oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 March 15 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.45UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1979 March 21 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.33UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1979 May 21 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.43GG.
  • UIT Prototype Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1979 May 21 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.44GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1979 June 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.27DG.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 August 3 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F GL A31.702.
  • FWIR III Aeronomy / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1979 August 17 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.11AS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.39UG.
  • JHU UVS Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.49GG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1979 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.48UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 January 21 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.51UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.47UH.
  • Soft XRB 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1980 March 28 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.59UH.
  • UM Airglow Payload Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 May 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.63GS.
  • Solar Constant 3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1980 June 16 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.58DG.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1980 June 27 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.46UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1980 August 9 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.53GG.
  • UIT Prototype Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1980 November 1 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.50UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1981 January 20 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.62DG.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1981 January 29 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.60UE.
  • UM Airglow payload Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1981 October 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.40UH.
  • MIT X-ray? X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 March 2 - . 02:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F GL A31.200.
  • Sensor Ejection System Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

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