Encyclopedia Astronautica
Belier III


French sounding rocket. Improved Belier single stage vehicle, using a Vega motor loaded with 230.5 kg of 'Isolane' propellant with a specific impulse of 240 seconds.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1968-03-18. Last Fail Date: 1968-03-18.

Gross mass: 400 kg (880 lb).
Height: 3.80 m (12.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.31 m (1.01 ft).
Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).
First Launch: 1968.03.18.
Last Launch: 1969.09.25.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • SNECMA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. SNECMA, France. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...
  • Kourou ALFS Veronique, Stromboli, Skua, Cajun, Belier, Arcas launch complex. Aire de Lancement Fusee-Sondes More...

Associated Stages

Belier III Chronology


1968 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 301. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 May 14 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 306.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO; CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 March 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III 304.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 September 25 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier III. LV Configuration: Belier III B307.
  • CRAPEL/ELECTRE re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

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