Encyclopedia Astronautica
Belier I


French sounding rocket. Basic Belier single stage vehicle, powered with a Jericho rocket motor loaded with 208 kg of 'Epictete' solid propellant with a specific impulse of 190 seconds.

Payload: 30 kg (66 lb) to a 80 km altitude. Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1962-05-09. Last Fail Date: 1962-06-06.

AKA: Belier.
Gross mass: 313 kg (690 lb).
Payload: 30 kg (66 lb).
Height: 4.01 m (13.16 ft).
Diameter: 0.31 m (1.01 ft).
Span: 0.78 m (2.57 ft).
Thrust: 20.00 kN (4,496 lbf).
Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).
First Launch: 1961.05.24.
Last Launch: 1970.11.06.
Number: 18 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...
  • Kourou ALFS Veronique, Stromboli, Skua, Cajun, Belier, Arcas launch complex. Aire de Lancement Fusee-Sondes More...

Associated Stages
  • Dragon-2 Solid rocket stage. 20.00 kN (4,496 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...

Belier I Chronology


1961 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B05.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B06.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNET. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 November 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B45.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1962 November 22 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 May 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B01.
  • Radioactivity Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1963 July 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B73.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 November 10 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B69.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I.
  • ESRO B12 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I.
  • ESRO B12 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 April 19 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B116.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1969 August 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B117.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1970 February 3 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B139.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 November 6 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Belier I. LV Configuration: Belier B140.
  • FU-191 Range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

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