Encyclopedia Astronautica
Berenice



berenice.jpg
Berenice
French sounding rocket. Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares.

The first two stages lofted the vehicle to a 270 km altitude. The expended second stage, stabilized by an aerodynamic fins remained attached to the upper stages until an altitude of 55 km was reached. Then the second stage was jettisoned, the third stage fired, and the test RV was accelerated to a speed of Mach 12 at 20 km altitude. The 4 stage vehicle consisting of 4 x SEPR P167(4 X 34 kN) stabilisation rockets around + 1 x Stromboli SEPR 739 + 1 x SEPR 740 + 1 x Tramontane + 1 x Melanie

Payload: 40 kg (88 lb) to a 1000 km altitude. Failures: 1. Success Rate: 95.00%. First Fail Date: 1967-11-23. Last Fail Date: 1967-11-23. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1972.
Gross mass: 3,340 kg (7,360 lb).
Payload: 40 kg (88 lb).
Height: 13.25 m (43.47 ft).
Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft).
Thrust: 170.00 kN (38,210 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1962.06.27.
Last Launch: 1966.01.01.
Number: 12 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • Melanie SEPR solid rocket engine. 11.1 kN. Out of production. 22 kg propellant. Empty mass estimated. Isp=227s. Used on Berenice launch vehicle. First flight 1962. More...
  • SEPR 740 SEPR solid rocket engine. 91.7 kN. Out of production. Isp=230s. Used on Berenice, Titus. First flight 1962. More...
  • Stromboli SEPR solid rocket engine. 143 kN. Out of production. Isp=235s. Used on Berenice, Tacite, Titus. First flight 1962. More...
  • Tramontane SEPR solid rocket engine. 50 kN. Out of production. Isp=220s. Used on Berenice launch vehicle. First flight 1962. More...

See also
  • Berenice Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ONERA French manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales, France. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Berenice-3 Solid rocket stage. 50.00 kN (11,240 lbf) thrust. Mass 280 kg (617 lb). More...
  • Berenice-1 Solid rocket stage. 170.00 kN (38,218 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,900 kg (4,189 lb). More...
  • Berenice-2 Solid rocket stage. 91.70 kN (20,615 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,050 kg (2,315 lb). More...
  • Melanie Solid rocket stage. 38.00 kN (8,543 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Berenice Chronology


1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 005.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 012.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

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