Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 10CM1


Canadian sounding rocket.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb).
Height: 14.50 m (47.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.46 m (1.50 ft).
Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).
First Launch: 1990.02.23.
Last Launch: 2004.01.22.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • SvalRak Sounding rocket launch site, known to have been used for 41 launches from 1997 to 2004, reaching up to 1108 kilometers altitude. This launch site, on the arctic archipelago Svalbard, provides unique conditions for rocket studies of the dayside polar cusp, cleft and cap. The site is ideal for scientific exploration of the dayside aurora and processes in the magnetospheric boundary layer. More...

Associated Stages
  • 17KS12000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 399/70 kg. Thrust 50.50 kN. The Nihka rocket motor was developed specifically for the Black Brant X rocket system by Bristol Aerospace. More...
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • Terrier Mk 70 Oriole-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,038/290 kg. Thrust kN. The basic Terrier mk70 motor was 3.94 m long with a principal diameter of 46 cm. There was a 7.6-cm interstage adapter which allowed for drag separation at Terrier burnout. Typically, the Terrier booster would utilize two spin motors to reduce dispersion and also serve as drag plates. Each Terrier fin was 0.43 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide two revolutions per second spin rate at Terrier burnout. More...

Black Brant 10CM1 Chronology


1990 February 23 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.20UE.
  • ARCS 4 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 586 km (364 mi).

1990 August 25 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 SDI BP-1.
  • SPFE 1 (LACE Target) Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1991 April 17 - . 07:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 SDI BP-2.
  • SPFE 2 (LACE Target) Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1995 March 25 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.031UE.
  • Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

2002 December 14 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.033GE.
2003 March 25 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.034UE.
  • HEX H Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

2004 January 22 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 10CM1 NASA 35.035UE.
  • SERSIO Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi).

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