Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 11


Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle. Payload weights of 320 kg to 500 km or 550 kg to 350 km altitude.

The Black Brant XI rocket system was a three stage system used primarily to carry heavy payloads to high altitudes. Its development was a spin-off of the Black Brant XII development. The first and second stages were the Mk 11 Mod 5 Talos rocket motor and the Taurus motor. The third stage was a modified Black Brant VC motor. The Black Brant nozzle was extended for exoatmospheric use and the tail cone was changed to enclose the nozzle. The aft end of the tail cone had a restraining device to keep the Taurus and Black Brant connected during second stage coasting. This motor configuration made up the first three stages of the Black Brant XII.

The standard payload configuration for the Black Brant XI vehicle was 0.44 cm in diameter with a 3:1 ogive nose shape.

AKA: Black Brant XI.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 5,300 kg (11,600 lb).
Height: 17.00 m (55.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.76 m (2.49 ft).
Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).
First Launch: 1990.02.01.
Last Launch: 2009.09.19.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...

Associated Stages
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • Talos-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 1,500 kg. Thrust 516.00 kN. The Talos motor was fitted with a conical adapter for mating to the second stage. Differential drag forces caused separation. Four fins were arranged at the aft end in a cruciform configuration and drove the vehicle to approximately one revolution per second burnout roll rate. More...

Black Brant 11 Chronology


1990 February 1 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.02UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1992 March 29 - . 07:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.03UE.
  • CHARGE-2B Ionosphere / tether mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

2003 May 30 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.05DP.
  • RED DOG Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Lincoln. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2003 June 2 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.06DP.
  • RED DOG Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; Lincoln. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2006 September 23 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 12.064GT.
  • Igniter test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 June 26 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11. LV Configuration: Black Brant XI NASA 39.08DR.
  • NGSP-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2009 September 19 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 11.
  • NASA 39.009DR - . Mass: 283 kg (623 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Summary: Chemical release.

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use