Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 2B


Canadian sounding rocket.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1965-01-25. Last Fail Date: 1965-01-25.

AKA: Black Brant IIB.
Status: Retired 1965.
Gross mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb).
Height: 8.40 m (27.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).
First Launch: 1964.10.06.
Last Launch: 1965.01.25.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...

Associated Stages
  • 23KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,000/150 kg. Thrust 89.00 kN. Two-finned version. More...

Black Brant 2B Chronology


1964 October 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-49.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1964 October 7 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-61.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-56. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

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