Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 5B


Canadian sounding rocket. Three-fin version. The Black Brant VB provided slightly improved performance over the VC. The burnout roll rate for the Black Brant V was 4 cycles per second. Maximum longitudinal acceleration varied with payload weight; for a typical payload weight of 270 kg, maximum thrust axis acceleration is approximately 12g's.

Failures: 3. Success Rate: 95.38%. First Fail Date: 1972-07-15. Last Fail Date: 1985-08-03.

AKA: Black Brant VB.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb).
Height: 8.30 m (27.20 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).
First Launch: 1965.06.12.
Last Launch: 2002.02.21.
Number: 65 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...
  • Eglin This US Air Force proving ground and missile test range, based in Valparaiso, Florida and extending over a vast expanse of the Gulf of Mexico, was founded in 1935, In early 1946 the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin. The highly-instrumented Eglin Gulf Test Range supported flight tests of Bomarc, Matador, Quail, and Hound Dog cruise missiles. Both the military and NASA used Eglin to support launch of sounding rockets in support of their programs. Eglin was known to have been used for 441 launches from 1959 to 1980, reaching up to 686 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests was many times greater. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Southend Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1980, reaching up to 156 kilometers altitude. More...
  • White Sands LC35 Standard-ER, Black Brant, Aerobee launch complex. Work on LC-35 was begun by the US Navy in 1946. Although no specific requirement had been identified, Captain Robert McLaughlin of the Bureau of Naval Ordnance realized the Navy would need an instrumented range to test the surface-to-air missiles planned for Navy ships. The first facilities built were a blockhouse and two launch towers for Aerobee sounding rockets. From 1947 a total of 675 Aerobees were launched from White Sands, most of these from LC-35. More...
  • White Sands LC36 Terrier, Redstone, Nike, Little Joe II, Honest John, Black Brant, Storm, Aries, Apollo LES launch complex. Originally designated Army Launch Area 2, LC36 was later a LC36 was a NASA facility that supported tests of the Apollo Launch Escape System. It was also used to launch NASA sounding rocket missions. The complex included a blockhouse, launch control equipment, and launchers with environmental shelters. These launchers included:
    • An 11-m rail with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 15-m rail with 11,000 kg capacity
    • A 50-m tower with 3600 kg capacity
    • A 1.2-m diameter stool with 23,000 kg capacity
    • A 9-m rail with 7000 kg capacity.
    More...

Associated Stages
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...

Black Brant 5B Chronology


1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi).

1965 September 16 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB VB-03.
  • CRL AE18.315 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-08.
1966 August 19 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-09.
1967 April 26 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-06.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi).

1967 April 27 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-07.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi).

1967 May 5 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-10.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi).

1967 August 3 - . 07:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-12.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 448 km (278 mi).

1967 August 6 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-13.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-11.
  • Hbeta / ne Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-04.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-05.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1968 August 2 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-18.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi).

1968 December 18 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-21.
  • Calgary auroral Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-20.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-22.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-23.
  • VUV auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi).

1969 November 8 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NRL NF9.207.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-29.
  • Auroral lower elevatuib Ionosphere / plasma / meteor mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 April 24 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-25.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 August 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-31.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-30.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-27.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-24.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-26.
  • Airglow Ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1971 February 25 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1971 March 3 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-32.
  • Electrons / ions Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-33.
  • Not in FC Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-28.
  • Nightglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1972 July 15 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB CRL A18.903-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RM-52 extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.20GT.
  • CALROC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-36.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-37.
  • Tower modification test / aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-34.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKF-VB-39.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMF-VB-41.
  • Cusp Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-43.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1976 February 2 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1976 November 9 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-42.
  • Cosmic rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1977 January 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-46.
  • Aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 March 21 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AND-VB-44.
  • CMB spectrum Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1978 February 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.56UG.
  • JHU FOT 2 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1978 December 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-47.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1979 June 29 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.59UG.
  • JHU FOT 3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1980 February 15 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-50.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1980 February 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-52.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1981 January 19 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-54.
  • Upper atmosphere Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-55.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1982 November 9 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.64GS.
  • Extreme ultraviolet line profiles Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.86UE.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.85UG.
  • JHU UVT F11 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 July 24 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.91GE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 June 14 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.81UG.
  • JHU FOT 5 Io Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1985 August 3 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.94CS. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1986 February 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35?. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.93UG.
  • JHU FOT 6 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1986 March 13 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.95UG.
  • JHU FOT 7 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1988 April 9 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.97GE.
  • ERRRIS I Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1989 March 3 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.100GE.
  • ERRRIS II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.103GE NLC-91.
  • N-B-E03 EFIELD-B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1991 August 9 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.104GE NLC-91.
  • N-B-E16 EFIELD-A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1999 January 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.121CE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1999 July 27 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.122GE.
  • ICON Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

2002 February 21 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB NASA 21.128UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

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