Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 8B


Canadian sounding rocket.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1977-12-12. Last Fail Date: 1977-12-12.

Status: Retired 1989.
Gross mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb).
Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).
First Launch: 1975.12.04.
Last Launch: 1989.11.20.
Number: 22 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Black Brant 8B Chronology


1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1977 March 5 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-02.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1977 December 6 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-03.
  • Dayside Cusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1977 December 12 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dayside Cusp Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1978 April 9 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.10AE.
  • E / / B Aurora active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1978 November 25 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-05.
  • CMB spectrum 2 Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi).

1979 December 3 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-06.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1980 April 6 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-07.
  • Waterhole 1 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1981 November 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.57UH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1981 November 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.09DH.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1982 September 8 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B GL A19.124-1.
  • BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1982 September 13 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B GL A19.124-2.
  • BIME Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 333 km (206 mi).

1983 May 12 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-VIIIB-8.
  • SABRE Aurora / ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1983 October 7 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.69UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1983 October 7 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.80UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1984 June 24 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.84UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1984 September 19 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.91UL.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.86UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1987 September 29 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.106UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1988 May 2 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-155.
  • TEXUS 17 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1988 May 6 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B DLR K-NBB5-156.
  • TEXUS 18 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: MBB. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1989 November 20 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B NASA 27.123UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

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