Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 10B


Canadian sounding rocket.

AKA: Black Brant XB.
Status: Retired 1989.
Gross mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb).
Height: 14.50 m (47.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.46 m (1.50 ft).
Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).
First Launch: 1985.02.15.
Last Launch: 1989.04.11.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...

Associated Stages
  • 17KS12000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 399/70 kg. Thrust 50.50 kN. The Nihka rocket motor was developed specifically for the Black Brant X rocket system by Bristol Aerospace. More...
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...

Black Brant 10B Chronology


1985 February 15 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-01.
  • MARIE Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 979 km (608 mi).

1989 January 30 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-02.
  • OEDIPUS A Plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi).

1989 April 9 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB NASA 35.022GE.
  • Barium release + Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1989 April 11 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB NASA 35.021GE.
  • Barium release + Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

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