Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant 1



blackbr1.jpg
Black Brant
Black Brant 1
Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle using the Black Brant VA.

Payload: 68 kg (149 lb) to a 225 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1960-05-18. Last Fail Date: 1960-05-18.

AKA: Black Brant I.
Status: Retired 1963.
Gross mass: 730 kg (1,600 lb).
Payload: 68 kg (149 lb).
Height: 7.41 m (24.31 ft).
Diameter: 0.26 m (0.85 ft).
Thrust: 111.00 kN (24,953 lbf).
Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).
First Launch: 1959.09.05.
Last Launch: 1963.04.06.
Number: 16 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...

Associated Stages
  • 15KS25000 Solid rocket stage. 111.00 kN (24,954 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,000 kg (2,205 lb). More...

Black Brant 1 Chronology


1959 September 5 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-01.
  • PTV-1 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 5 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 September 8 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1959 September 10 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1960 May 18 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-05. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-06.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1960 May 28 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1960 September 23 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-08.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 September 30 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-09.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 October 8 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-11.
  • DRTE-04 Type II aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1960 October 20 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-10.
  • DRTE-03 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1960 October 28 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I BB-1-12.
  • DRTE-05 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 March 21 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I CC-1-28.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 March 25 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I CC-1-38.
  • NO2 seeding Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1963 April 6 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-26.
  • Ionosphere / fields Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1963 April 6 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-23.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

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