Encyclopedia Astronautica
Blue Scout Jr



wbluesjr.jpg
Blue Scout Junior
Credit: via Peter Alway
American suborbital launch vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Castor + 1 x Antares + 1 x Alcor + 1 x Cetus

Failures: 4. First Fail Date: 1960-11-08. Last Fail Date: 1965-01-28.

Gross mass: 5,800 kg (12,700 lb).
Height: 12.40 m (40.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.79 m (2.59 ft).
Thrust: 222.00 kN (49,907 lbf).
Apogee: 200,000 km (120,000 mi).
First Launch: 1960.09.21.
Last Launch: 1965.06.09.
Number: 12 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Scout Solid-fuel, light payload, lower-cost launch vehicle developed by the Air Force and NASA in the late 1950's and used in a variety of configurations over thirty years. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Vandenberg, Wallops Island, and from Italy's equatorial San Marco platform off Kenya. Italy studied but did not develop subsequent upgraded versions. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Vought American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Vought, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Cape Canaveral LC18A Viking, Vanguard, Scout launch complex. The LC18 complex included two launch pads 18A and 18B. Pad 18A was used to launch 14 Vanguard space vehicles for NASA and the U.S. Navy between 8 December 1956 and 19 September 1959. Following termination of the Vanguard program, Pad 18A supported ten Blue Scout Junior launches for the Air Force between 21 September 1960 and 10 June 1965. Complex 18 was deactivated on 1 February 1967. More...
  • Vandenberg LC-A Scout, Javelin, Honest John, Black Brant, Astrobee, Asp, Seagull, Journeyman, Dac Roc launch complex. Launch Complex A, Naval Missile Facility, Point Arguello More...

Associated Stages
  • Alcor Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 520/50 kg. Thrust 35.59 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 230 seconds. Masses, specific impulse estimated. More...
  • Antares 1A Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,225/294 kg. Thrust 60.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 256 seconds. More...
  • Castor 1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 3,852/535 kg. Thrust 286.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 247 seconds. More...
  • Cetus Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 50/10 kg. Thrust 4.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 230 seconds. Masses, specific impulse estimated. More...

Blue Scout Jr Chronology


1960 September 21 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr D-1.
  • Blue Scout first launch, with Radiation Probe (HETS) payload. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 26,700 km (16,500 mi). Summary: USAF Blue Scout rocket fired from Cape Canaveral placed instrumented payload 16,600 miles above the earth, the first of 11 such tests, but no data were received due to radio malfunction..

1960 November 8 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr D-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HETS Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 August 17 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr O-1.
  • HETS Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Apogee: 225,000 km (139,000 mi).

1961 December 4 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr O-2.
  • Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 44,400 km (27,500 mi).

1963 July 30 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-1/AD-622.
  • OAR 22-1 / AFCRL-1 / 21 Plasma / radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 11,100 km (6,800 mi).

1964 March 13 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-2/AD-623. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OAR 22-2 / AFCRL-9 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1964 December 22 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 21-3. FAILURE: Third stage cut off early.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ion Engine Test C Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). In this test, an additional wire neutralizer was incorporated and was immersed in the ion beam to provide a higher probability of adequate neutralization. The contact ion engine only achieved about 20% of full-thrust before reentry into the atmosphere. The short test time was due to a very short burn of the Scout vehicle's third stage. The high voltage was applied to the engine 7 minutes into the flight when the altitude was 490 km. Engine operation ended after 4 minutes when the altitude was only 80 km.

1965 January 28 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OAR 22-3 / AFCRL-309 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 March 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-4.
  • OAR 22-4 / AFCRL-35 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12,067 km (7,498 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-9.
  • OAR 22-9 / AFWL-14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 25,422 km (15,796 mi).

1965 May 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-8.
  • OAR 22-8 / AFCRL-335 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 13,586 km (8,441 mi).

1965 June 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-5.
  • OAR 22-5 / AFWL-304 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 17,533 km (10,894 mi).

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