Encyclopedia Astronautica
Castor (A)


Argentinan sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 4 x Canopus + 1 x Canopus

Payload: 75 kg (165 lb) to a 400 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1979-03-21. Last Fail Date: 1979-03-21.

Gross mass: 280 kg (610 lb).
Payload: 75 kg (165 lb).
Height: 8.00 m (26.20 ft).
Diameter: 0.69 m (2.25 ft).
Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).
First Launch: 1969.12.22.
Last Launch: 1979.03.22.
Number: 7 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chilca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 34 launches from 1974 to 1983, reaching up to 742 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Marambio Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches from 1975 to 1982, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Castor (A) Chronology


1969 December 22 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). LV Configuration: Castor (A) CR-X.
  • Dummy St2 test - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1970 December 19 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). LV Configuration: Castor (A) CR-X2.
  • Dummy St2 test - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1973 November 22 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
1975 September 30 - . Launch Site: Marambio. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
1975 October 3 - . Launch Site: Marambio. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
1979 March 21 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1979 March 22 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Canopus. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

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