Encyclopedia Astronautica
Centaure


French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket. The Belier I II, or III single stage sounding rocket was augmented by a Venus booster with 94 kg of solid propellant. The rocket was spin stabilised by small solid rocket engines on the four fins.

Payload: 60 kg (132 lb) to a 140 km altitude. Failures: 5. Success Rate: 97.30%. First Fail Date: 1962-12-01. Last Fail Date: 1969-04-14.

Gross mass: 457 kg (1,007 lb).
Payload: 60 kg (132 lb).
Height: 6.02 m (19.75 ft).
Diameter: 0.28 m (0.92 ft).
Span: 0.73 m (2.38 ft).
Thrust: 44.00 kN (9,891 lbf).
Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).
First Launch: 1961.05.27.
Last Launch: 1986.03.07.
Number: 185 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Salto di Quirra Salto di Quirra, in southeast Sardinia near the town of Perdas de Fogu, is an inter-service missile test center operated by the Italian Air Force. It also supports sounding rocket launches and test of larger rockets in support of Italy's abandoned ballistic missile and on-and-of satellite launcher programs. More...
  • Reggane Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 12 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 150 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • CELPA Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 92 launches from 1962 to 1974, reaching up to 406 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kerguelen Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 186 launches from 1963 to 1981, reaching up to 416 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Thumba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1385 launches from 1963 to 2004, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Nissaki-Karystos Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 4 launches in 1966, reaching up to 140 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Koroni Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 371 launches from 1966 to 1989, reaching up to 114 kilometers altitude. More...
  • El Arenosillo Spanish sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 335 launches from 1966 to 1994, reaching up to 700 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...
  • Kourou ALFS Veronique, Stromboli, Skua, Cajun, Belier, Arcas launch complex. Aire de Lancement Fusee-Sondes More...

Centaure Chronology


1961 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C03.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C04.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C02.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C05.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C07.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C15.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C16.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C19.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 27 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C30.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C32.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C29.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C26.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 8 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C28.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 9 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C31.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C25.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 15 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C42.
  • MPE Ba-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C45.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 21 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C43.
  • MPE Ba-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1963 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C41.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 25 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C35.
  • Sodium cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C36.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 May 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C54.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C55.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C53.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C44.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C56.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C40.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 13 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 February 14 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C38.
  • MPE Ba-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1964 February 15 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C34.
  • MPE Ba-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 April 11 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 April 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C33.
  • CNET A test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C46.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 10 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C22.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C23.
  • Seddon Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1964 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C63.
  • CNET B test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 October 29 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C02 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 4 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C78.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C67.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C72.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C69.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C64.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C47.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C80.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C66.
  • Sodium / TMA release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C71.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 November 6 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C79.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C75/EXP-9.
  • MPE Ba-9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 November 30 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/EXP-10.
  • MPE Ba-10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C85.
  • SINTRA pointing Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 April 28 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C99 TERLS-22?.
  • ISRO 15.02 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 May 1 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C100 TERLS-23?.
  • ISRO 15.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C106.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C61.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C65.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C95.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C50.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C86.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C84.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C83.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C74.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 November 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C119.
  • MPE Ba-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 November 19 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C120.
  • MPE Ba-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1965 November 25 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C91.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 November 25 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C93.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 November 26 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C96.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 December 7 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C07 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 11 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C07 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 December 14 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-6.
  • ESRO C06 / 1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C94.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C131.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C128.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C130.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 January 8 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C103 TERLS-35.
  • ISRO 15.03 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C127.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1966 February 4 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-16.
  • ESRO C15 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 02:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C15 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1966 February 22 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-13.
  • ESRO C14 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-14.
  • ESRO C14 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 March 3 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C77.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 March 9 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-12.
  • ESRO C13 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1966 March 10 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-11.
  • ESRO C13 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C101 TERLS-40.
  • ISRO 15.04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C102 TERLS-41.
  • ISRO 15.05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 May 15 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Nissaki-Karystos. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-5.
  • ESRO C06 / 2 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Nissaki-Karystos. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-19.
  • ESRO C22 / 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-20.
  • ESRO C22 / 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C68.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C70.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C140.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C105.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C139.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ESRO C21 / 1 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-8.
  • ESRO C9 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-7.
  • ESRO C9 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-22.
  • ESRO C21 / 2 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1967 February 16 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-9.
  • ESRO C10 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1967 February 22 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-10.
  • ESRO C10 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1967 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C145.
  • CNES C145 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C87.
  • ISRO 45.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1967 May 3 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 15.
1967 May 7 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 16.
1967 November 7 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C92.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 November 26 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-17.
  • ESRO C31 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1967 December 6 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-2.
  • ESRO C31 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 February 1 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-34.
  • ESRO C36 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 2 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C90.
  • ISRO 15.06 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1968 February 4 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-35.
  • ESRO C36 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1968 February 21 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ISRO 25.02 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1968 February 22 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C89?.
  • ISRO 25.01 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 February 22 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C88.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1968 March 6 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-37.
  • ESRO C14 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 March 23 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 18.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1968 May 8 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-46.
  • ESRO C33 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-47.
  • ESRO C33 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1968 July 30 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure CE-31.
  • ESRO C20 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 November 3 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • ISRO 35.01 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1969 February 9 - . 13:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 19. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure Rehbar 20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1969 February 26 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO-45.002.
  • ISRO 45.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1969 March 15 - . 22:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52/1.
  • ESRO C52 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 April 14 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C39 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1969 April 15 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C39/2.
  • ESRO C39 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1969 June 5 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C35/2.
  • ESRO C35 / 2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1969 August 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51/1.
  • ESRO C51 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 August 14 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58/1.
  • ESRO C58 / 1 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1969 October 10 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C52/2.
  • ESRO C52 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62/1.
  • ESRO C62 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 November 27 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C62/2.
  • ESRO C62 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57/1.
  • ESRO C57 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1970 February 23 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37/1.
  • ESRO C37 / 1 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 April 3 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C57/2.
  • ESRO C57 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1970 June 7 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48/1.
  • ESRO C48 / 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1970 August 9 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C58/2.
  • ESRO C58 / 2 Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1970 August 10 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C51/2.
  • ESRO C51 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1970 August 19 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C48/2.
  • ESRO C48 / 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C37/2.
  • ESRO C37 / 2 MPE Ba Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1971 January 25 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60/1.
  • ESRO C60 / 1 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C60/2.
  • ESRO C60 / 2 Chemical release / particles mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C78/1.
  • ESRO C78 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C136.
  • INTA C-7101 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C141.
  • INTA C-7102 Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C137.
  • INTA C-7103 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1971 May 27 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C142.
  • INTA C-7104 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 July 31 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59/1.
  • ESRO C59/1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1971 August 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C59/2.
  • ESRO C59/2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 October 18 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C154.
  • CNES C154 / ISRO 5.13? Recovery test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/1.
  • ESRO C76/1 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C76/2.
  • ESRO C76/2 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 August 12 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.14.
  • ISRO 5.14 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 August 17 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.16.
  • ISRO 5.16 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1975 February 9 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.23 CE-1.
  • ISRO 5.23 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.25 CE-4.
  • ISRO 5.25 CO.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1975 February 19 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.24 CE-2.
  • ISRO 5.24 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1975 April 21 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.26.
  • ISRO 5.26 CO.22 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1975 April 21 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO 5.27.
  • ISRO 5.27 CO.21 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1977 December 12 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1977 December 16 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1981 February 4 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO C.76.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1982 January 30 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure ISRO C.73.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • D-region ionization comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

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