Encyclopedia Astronautica
Centaure 2A


French sounding rocket.

Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1971-01-07. Last Fail Date: 1971-01-07.

Gross mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb).
Height: 5.90 m (19.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.28 m (0.91 ft).
Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1969.12.07.
Last Launch: 1974.02.20.
Number: 11 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Thumba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1385 launches from 1963 to 2004, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...

Associated Stages

Centaure 2A Chronology


1969 December 7 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO-45.003.
  • ISRO 45.03 Test / ionosphere / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1971 January 7 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 5.12 Recovery Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1971 November 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A CE-67.
  • ESRO C78 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.17.
  • ISRO 5.17 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1973 January 21 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.15.
  • ISRO 5.15 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.18.
  • ISRO 5.18 CO.07 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1973 March 3 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.19.
  • ISRO 5.19 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO; CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1973 April 11 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.20.
  • ISRO 5.20 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1973 July 4 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A ISRO 5.21.
  • ISRO 5.21 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/1.
  • SSC C111 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/2.
  • SSC C111 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

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