Encyclopedia Astronautica
Centaure 2B


French sounding rocket.

Failures: 2. Success Rate: 93.75%. First Fail Date: 1967-11-24. Last Fail Date: 1976-10-14.

Gross mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb).
Height: 6.30 m (20.60 ft).
Diameter: 0.28 m (0.91 ft).
Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1967.04.19.
Last Launch: 1981.02.12.
Number: 33 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Thumba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1385 launches from 1963 to 2004, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...

Associated Stages

Centaure 2B Chronology


1967 April 19 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-24/1.
  • ESRO C24/1 test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-30.
  • ESRO C20 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1967 July 31 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-31.
  • ESRO C32 / 1 Meteorite mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1967 November 24 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-36. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ESRO C13 / P Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 June 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-32.
  • ESRO C32 / 2 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-48.
  • ESRO C35 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 October 15 - . 16:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-39.
  • ESRO C45 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE-50.
  • ESRO C45 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE.
  • ESRO C49 / 1 (R3) Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 February 25 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B CE.
  • ESRO C49 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1969 March 31 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B SUP.
  • Rehnuma 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1976 February 29 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.29.
  • ISRO 5.29 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1976 March 24 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.30.
  • ISRO 5.30 Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1976 March 26 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.31.
  • ISRO 5.31 Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1976 April 18 - . 23:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.32.
  • ISRO 5.32 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1976 July 27 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.33.
  • ISRO 5.33 test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1976 October 8 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.34.
  • ISRO 5.34 Plasma mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1976 October 14 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 5.35 Plasma mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 October 27 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.36 C.34.
  • ISRO 5.36 C-300 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1976 November 18 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.37.
  • ISRO 5.37 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1977 June 4 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.40 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 February 21 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.47 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 October 31 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO 5.49 - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1978 December 20 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO C.51 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1978 December 21 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO.
  • ISRO CO.52 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 November 15 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • AST 2 Technology test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.60.
  • Eclipse D1 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.61.
  • Eclipse D2 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.63.
  • Eclipse Ba / Li Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 17 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.65/C.59.
  • NO Photometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 February 17 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO 5.64.
  • Eclipse D3 Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1980 February 18 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • O3 Photometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 February 12 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B. LV Configuration: Centaure 2B ISRO C.77.
  • Langmuir / E Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

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