Encyclopedia Astronautica
Centaure 2C


French sounding rocket.

Gross mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb).
Height: 5.90 m (19.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.28 m (0.91 ft).
Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1974.09.12.
Last Launch: 1975.03.07.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...
  • Kourou ALFS Veronique, Stromboli, Skua, Cajun, Belier, Arcas launch complex. Aire de Lancement Fusee-Sondes More...

Associated Stages

Centaure 2C Chronology


1974 September 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C (ESRO) C99/1.
  • NO-II-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 September 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C (ESRO) C99/2.
  • NO-II-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C (ESRO) C99/3.
  • NO-II-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1975 March 7 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C SSC S13.
  • SSC S13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

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