Encyclopedia Astronautica
CZ-1D



chisolid.jpg
Chinese solids
Chinese orbital launch vehicle. Proposed launch vehicle derived from the CZ-1, but with a new N2O4/UDMH second stage. Used for a suborbital re-entry vehicle test but never flown on an orbital mission.

LEO Payload: 740 kg (1,630 lb) to a 300 km orbit. Payload: 440 kg (970 lb) to a GTO. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 2002-01-03. Last Fail Date: 2002-01-03. Launch Price $: 12.000 million in 1994 dollars.

Stage Data - CZ-1D

  • Stage 1. 1 x CZ-1-1. Gross Mass: 64,100 kg (141,300 lb). Empty Mass: 4,100 kg (9,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,224.575 kN (275,295 lbf). Isp: 268 sec. Burn time: 130 sec. Isp(sl): 241 sec. Diameter: 2.25 m (7.38 ft). Span: 4.00 m (13.10 ft). Length: 17.84 m (58.53 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: YF-2A. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x CZ-1D-2. Gross Mass: 14,850 kg (32,730 lb). Empty Mass: 2,650 kg (5,840 lb). Thrust (vac): 294.000 kN (66,093 lbf). Isp: 287 sec. Burn time: 120 sec. Isp(sl): 260 sec. Diameter: 2.25 m (7.38 ft). Span: 2.25 m (7.38 ft). Length: 5.35 m (17.55 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: YF-3. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 3. 1 x CZ-1D-3. Gross Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Empty Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Thrust (vac): 19.600 kN (4,406 lbf). Isp: 291 sec. Burn time: 100 sec. Isp(sl): 200 sec. Diameter: 2.05 m (6.72 ft). Span: 2.05 m (6.72 ft). Length: 2.20 m (7.20 ft). Propellants: Solid. No Engines: 1. Engine: CZ-1D-3. Status: In production.

AKA: Chang Zheng 1D; Long March 1D; Chang Zheng-1D.
Gross mass: 79,400 kg (175,000 lb).
Payload: 740 kg (1,630 lb).
Height: 28.22 m (92.58 ft).
Diameter: 2.25 m (7.38 ft).
Thrust: 1,101.20 kN (247,560 lbf).
Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
First Launch: 1995.05.29.
Last Launch: 2002.01.03.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • CZ-1D-3 Fourth Academy solid rocket engine. Out of production. Motor for proposed CZ-1D launch vehicle. Isp=291s. First flight 1995. More...
  • YF-2A Beijing Wan Yuan Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 306.1 kN. Out of production. Isp=268s. Used on CZ-1, CZ-1C, CZ-1D, CZ-1M. First flight 1969. More...
  • YF-3 Beijing Wan Yuan N2O4/UDMH rocket engine. 294 kN. Out of production. Isp=287s. Used on CZ-1D launch vehicle. First flight 1995. More...

See also
  • CZ-1 China began development of the CZ-1 (Changzheng-1 = Long March-1) launch vehicle in the second half of 1965. The project was undertaken with the specific objective of launching China's first satellite, the DFH-1. The CZ-l's first and second stages were adapted from those of the DF-3 intermediate range ballistic missile. The third stage used a new-design solid rocket motor. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CALT Chinese manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, Beijing, China. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Taiyuan China's launch site for launch of polar orbiting satellites, also known as Wuzhai. Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC) is situated in Kelan County, the northwest part of Shanxi Province, 280 km by road from Taiyuan City. More...

Associated Stages
  • CZ-1D-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 14,850/2,650 kg. Thrust 294.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 287 seconds. More...
  • CZ-YF-2 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 64,100/4,100 kg. Thrust 1,224.58 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 268 seconds. More...
  • GF-02 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 2,050/246 kg. Thrust 180.99 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 254 seconds. More...

CZ-1D Chronology


1995 May 29 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ-1. Launch Vehicle: CZ-1D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 November 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ-1. Launch Vehicle: CZ-1D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 January 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ-1. Launch Vehicle: CZ-1D. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failure..
  • CZ-1 Missile Technology Test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Chinese People's Liberation Army test launch with dummy warhead. Suborbital - failure. Delayed from early November 2001..

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