Encyclopedia Astronautica
Dragon 2B


French sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Stromboli + 1 x Belier II

Gross mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb).
Height: 7.00 m (22.90 ft).
Diameter: 0.56 m (1.83 ft).
Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).
First Launch: 1968.03.15.
Last Launch: 1972.04.28.
Number: 11 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Belier Family of sounding rockets, developed by Sud Aviation, with the only or upper stage being variants of the Belier stage powered by a Jericho rocket motor. These were the most significant series of French civilian suborbital rockets. Manufacturing licenses were sold to India and Pakistan, becoming the basis of their rocket industries. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Sonmiani Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 90 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 423 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Kerguelen Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 186 launches from 1963 to 1981, reaching up to 416 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...

Associated Stages
  • Stromboli Solid rocket stage. 75.00 kN (16,861 lbf) thrust. Mass 900 kg (1,984 lb). More...

Dragon 2B Chronology


1968 March 15 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-251A.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-252.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1968 April 1 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-253.
  • FU-171 VLF / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi).

1968 November 3 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-254.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-258.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-257.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1969 February 6 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-256.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1969 February 7 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-259.
  • FU-180 Mass spectrometer F4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 413 km (256 mi).

1969 April 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-255.
  • FU-182 Ions / Electric field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B D-260.
  • FU-190 E field / Barium release Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1972 April 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B. LV Configuration: Dragon 2B SUP.
  • Shahpar-3 Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

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