Encyclopedia Astronautica
Fulmar


British sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Heron (107 kN) + 1 x Snipe (16.7 kN).

Bristol Aerojet had developed the INTA-300 design for the government of Spain. It was adapted for a series of high-latitude shots from Andoya. The Fulmar differed from the INTA-300 in having a longer payload fairing.

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 83.33%. First Fail Date: 1979-03-19. Last Fail Date: 1979-03-19. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1979.
Gross mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb).
Height: 7.47 m (24.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.26 m (0.85 ft).
Thrust: 137.00 kN (30,798 lbf).
Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).
First Launch: 1976.11.21.
Last Launch: 1979.03.19.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Bristol Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Serra, Jean-Jacques, Rockets in Europe, Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...

Associated Stages
  • Fulmar-2 Solid rocket stage. 16.00 kN (3,597 lbf) thrust. Mass 200 kg (441 lb). More...
  • INTA-300-1 Solid rocket stage. 137.00 kN (30,799 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...

Fulmar Chronology


1976 November 21 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F2.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1976 December 11 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F5.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1977 October 16 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F3.
  • Wind / T Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1977 November 17 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F1.
  • Electrons / Ions Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 December 5 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F4.
  • HLC 2B Auroral mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Fulmar. LV Configuration: Fulmar F6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

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