Encyclopedia Astronautica
HJ Orion


American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x M-6 + 1 x Orion

Status: Retired 1980.
Gross mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb).
Height: 12.60 m (41.30 ft).
Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft).
Thrust: 365.00 kN (82,055 lbf).
Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).
First Launch: 1980.07.31.
Last Launch: 1980.10.18.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Honest John Unguided single-stage solid-propellant US Army missile developed by Douglas Aircraft. It was later used as the booster stage for a range of sounding rockets, test vehicles, and targets. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Douglas American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Boeing Huntington Beach, Huntington Beach, CA, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,900/954 kg. Thrust 365.00 kN. Rocket motor originally developed for the Army Honest John tactical missile. In sounding rocket applications the interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Taurus and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Taurus burnout. Each Taurus fin was 0.46 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Taurus burnout. The weight of the booster system is 3005 pounds. More...

HJ Orion Chronology


1980 July 31 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.14GE.
  • E-Field Plasma / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.15GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.16GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion. LV Configuration: HJ Orion NASA 33.17GE.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

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