Encyclopedia Astronautica
Jaguar 1


Three stage version consisting of 1 x Rook II + 1 x Gosling IIN + 1 x Lobster I

The Rook motor was 0.43 m in diameter and 5.28 m long. It contained a case-bonded charge of 846 kg of non-aluminized plastic propellant giving a total impulse of 1760 kN-seconds in 5.6 seconds; with a maximum thrust of 323 kN and a specific impulse of 213 seconds. The motor was capable of withstanding the 40g acceleration it provided during firing. It was employed as the first propulsion stage of the Leopard and Jaguar (Jabiru) supersonic test vehicles, and by itself in single-stage test applications.

Four Gosling motors with canted nozzles were used as boosters for the British Thunderbird ramjet surface-to-air missile. 664 Gosling IV motors were supplied for the Thunderbird, Bloodhound, and Seaslug Mark II missiles.

For sounding rocket applications, motors were supplied with in-line nozzles. The Gosling IV had an a all up mass of 256 kg, was 3.00 m long, and 0.254 m in diameter. It produced an average thrust of 124 kN over its 3.15 second burn time.

Gross mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb).
Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft).
Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).
First Launch: 1960.08.17.
Last Launch: 1964.02.12.
Number: 10 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Jaguar The Jaguar was designed by the RAE Supersonics Department as part of the HRV (Hypersonic Research Vehicle) program. This was a joint project with the Australian Weapons Research Establishment for testing of re-entry vehicles at high speeds. Regardless of the variant, the Rook first stage would propel the upper stages and subscale RV to a high altitude. The upper stages would then fire downward to push the RV into the atmosphere at speeds of up to 5 km/s. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • RAE British agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Royal Aerospace Establishment, UK. More...
  • WRE Australian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Australian Weapons Research Establishment, Australia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...
  • Aberporth The Aberporth military test range is located on Cardigan Bay on the west coast of Wales. It already became associated with solid rocket tests during the Second World War. Development of surface-to-air missiles began there in 1948 and tests were made of re-entry and high-speed aircraft shapes in the 1960's. Due to the military nature of the site, the only sounding rocket launches have been to support military test operations. These included 40 known launches from 1959 to 1972. More...
  • Woomera LA2 Stonechat, Skylark, Rook, Jaguar, Black Brant, Lorikeet, Long Tom, Kookaburra, HAD, Corella, Cockatoo, Aero High launch complex. Sounding rocket launcher More...

Associated Stages
  • Jaguar 1-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 200 kg. Thrust 140.00 kN. More...
  • Rook II Solid rocket stage. 300.00 kN (67,443 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,057 kg (2,330 lb). More...

Jaguar 1 Chronology


1960 August 17 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 G1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 December 15 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 April 21 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 July 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1961 November 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 June 26 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1963 March 27 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1964 February 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Jaguar. Launch Vehicle: Jaguar 1. LV Configuration: Jaguar 1 J9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

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