Encyclopedia Astronautica
JL-1



jl1m.jpg
JL-1
Chinese submarine-launched ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x DF-21 + 1 x DF-21 St2

Failures: 1. Success Rate: 83.33%. First Fail Date: 1985-09-28. Last Fail Date: 1985-09-28. Launch data is: continuing. Standard warhead: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Maximum range: 1,702 km (1,057 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 250 KT. Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1986. Total Number Built: 24.

AKA: CSS-C-3; CSS-N-3; Julang-1.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 14,664 kg (32,328 lb).
Payload: 600 kg (1,320 lb).
Height: 10.70 m (35.10 ft).
Diameter: 1.40 m (4.50 ft).
Span: 1.40 m (4.50 ft).
Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
First Launch: 1982.04.30.
Last Launch: 1988.09.27.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Shanxi Chinese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Shanxi Institute of Power Machinery, China. More...

Associated Programs
  • Long March The amazing story of rocket development in China is given in the milestones below. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Natural Resources Defense Council, Nuclear Weapons Databook 5: British, French and Chinese Nuclear Weapons, Ballinger Publishing, 1990.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Yellow Sea Launch Area Submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area known to have been used for 7 launches from 1982 to 2005, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • JL-1-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...

JL-1 Chronology


1982 April 30 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: HULU?. Launch Vehicle: JL-1. LV Configuration: JL-1 CSS-NX-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 October 12 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: GOLF-C. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 28 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. Launch Vehicle: JL-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1985 October 15 - . Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Reported first launch of JL-1 SLBM. Partial failure? - . Nation: China. Program: Long March.

1988 September 27 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).
  • First JL-1 SLBM launch. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. Summary: First successful JL-1 launch, impacting 123.53 deg N, 28.13 deg E..

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