Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kankoh Maru



kankoh23.jpg
Kankoh Maru Booster
Credit: Kawasaki
Japanese SSTO VTOVL orbital launch vehicle. Kawasaki design for single stage to orbit reusable booster. Would carry 50 passengers to orbiting hotels or fast intercontinental flights.

LEO Payload: 50,000 kg (110,000 lb).

Status: Design 1995.
Gross mass: 550,000 kg (1,210,000 lb).
Payload: 50,000 kg (110,000 lb).
Height: 22.00 m (72.00 ft).
Diameter: 18.00 m (59.00 ft).

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Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Kankoh Maru Japanese manned spacecraft. Study 1995. Kawasaki design for single stage to orbit reusable booster. Would carry 50 passengers to orbiting hotels or fast intercontinental flights. More...

See also
  • SSTO Category of launch vehicles. Single Stage To Orbit. More...
  • VTOVL The concept of a reusable single-stage-to-orbit Vertical Take-Off Vertical Landing (VTOVL) launch vehicle that would reenter and return to its launch site for turnaround and relaunch was first proposed by Philip Bono in the 1960's. The appealing simplicity of the concept has been offset by the technological risk in developing it. The problem with any single-stage-to-orbit concept is that if the empty weight of the final vehicle has been underestimated it will not be able to deliver any payload to orbit, or even reach orbit. Since weight growth of up to 20% is not unknown in aerospace projects, this is a very real threat which has made both NASA and private investors reluctant to invest the billions of dollars it would take to develop a full-scale flight vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Kawasaki Japanese manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Kawasaki, Japan. More...

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