Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kappa 8


Japanese sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x K420 + 1 x Kappa 8

Payload: 50 kg (110 lb) to a 160 km altitude. Failures: 1. First Fail Date: 1962-05-24. Last Fail Date: 1962-05-24.

Gross mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Payload: 50 kg (110 lb).
Height: 10.90 m (35.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).
First Launch: 1960.03.28.
Last Launch: 1970.09.02.
Number: 20 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kappa The Kappa series represented Japan's first large post-war indigenously-developed sounding rockets. They led eventually to the Lambda and Mu solid rocket satellite launchers. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ISAS Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Akita Sounding rocket launch site for Kappa series, known to have been used for 81 launches from 1956 to 1990. More...
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...
  • Pameungpeuk Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 10 launches from 1965 to 2005, reaching up to 191 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • Kappa 8-2 Solid rocket stage. 34.00 kN (7,644 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • Kappa 9L-1 Solid rocket stage. 110.00 kN (24,729 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). More...

Kappa 8 Chronology


1960 March 28 - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8D-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 11 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 July 17 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1960 September 22 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 September 26 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1961 March 27 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-5.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1961 April 18 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-6.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 July 21 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-7 TW-10/ID-6.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1961 October 24 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-8.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1961 October 30 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-9.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1962 May 24 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 December 18 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-11.
  • Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-12.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1965 August 7 - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8(L).
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 August 11 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8(L)-4.
  • SK-8-4 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1965 August 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8(L).
  • SK-8-3 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 April 20 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-13.
  • Aeronomy / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-14.
  • Ionosphere / fields / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1969 January 9 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-15.
  • E field antenna Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1970 September 2 - . 10:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. LV Configuration: Kappa 8 K-8-16.
  • Ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

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