Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kappa 9M


Japanese sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x K420H + 1 x K250

Payload: 50 kg (110 lb) to a 350 km altitude. Failures: 2. Success Rate: 97.50%. First Fail Date: 1962-11-25. Last Fail Date: 1971-08-25.

Gross mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb).
Payload: 50 kg (110 lb).
Height: 11.10 m (36.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).
First Launch: 1962.11.25.
Last Launch: 1988.01.25.
Number: 80 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kappa The Kappa series represented Japan's first large post-war indigenously-developed sounding rockets. They led eventually to the Lambda and Mu solid rocket satellite launchers. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • ISAS Japanese agency overseeing development of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kagoshima Japanese launch center for solid fueled sounding rockets and satellite launchers. Limited to two months a year due to disturbance of local fisheries. More...

Associated Stages
  • Kappa 9M-2 Solid rocket stage. 43.00 kN (9,667 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • Kappa 10S-1 Solid rocket stage. 110.00 kN (24,729 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). More...

Kappa 9M Chronology


1962 November 25 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1963 May 20 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

1964 July 29 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-5.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 November 5 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 356 km (221 mi).

1965 January 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1965 February 6 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-7.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1965 February 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-6.
  • Solar radio frequencies mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-8.
  • Airglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 27 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-9.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1965 March 28 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-10.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi).

1965 July 26 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-12.
  • Optical astronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1965 July 27 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-13.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1965 October 4 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-14.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1965 December 13 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-16.
  • Ozone profile Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1965 December 18 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-17.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1966 March 20 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-15.
  • XRA? / Airglow X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-18.
  • Ionosphere / solar / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1966 August 3 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-11.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1966 August 10 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-19.
  • VLF Doppler Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-20.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1966 December 5 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-21.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-22.
  • Ionosphere / solar radio frequencies mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1969 January 8 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-25.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Ionosphere / chemical release / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi).

1969 January 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-24.
  • Gryo-plasma probe Aeronomy / ionosphere / fields / mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-23.
  • Fields/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1969 August 7 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-27.
  • X-ray sources Ionosphere / plasma / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1969 August 24 - . 08:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-26.
  • Radio noise Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi).

1970 January 25 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-28.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1970 January 27 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-29.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi).

1970 September 27 - . 06:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-32.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-30.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-35.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1971 January 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-34.
  • Sco X-1 X-ray astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 August 18 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-31.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1971 August 25 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-36. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1971 August 26 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-33.
  • Cs / Ba Release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1972 January 23 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-37.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-39.
  • Cesium Release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1972 February 22 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-38.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi).

1972 September 20 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-40.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1973 January 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-41.
  • VLF Ionosphere / active plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1973 February 23 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-42.
  • Cesium Release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1973 August 21 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-43.
  • Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi).

1973 August 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-44.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-45.
  • Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1974 September 16 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-46.
  • Plasma gun M / D Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-47.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-48.
  • Precipitate Electrons Ionosphere / x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi).

1975 January 17 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-49.
  • Airglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi).

1975 January 23 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-50.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1975 August 26 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-53.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi).

1975 September 2 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-51.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-52.
  • Soft X-ray X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1976 January 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-54.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi).

1976 August 30 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-57.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1976 September 16 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-55.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1976 September 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-56.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1977 January 16 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-58.
  • Near infrared Galactic Plane Infrared astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1977 September 3 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-59.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi).

1978 January 22 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-62.
  • Ionosphere / fields / solar mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1978 January 27 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-61.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1978 February 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-60.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1978 August 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-64.
  • Near infrared Galactic Plane Test / infrared astronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1979 January 16 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-65.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-66.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1979 August 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-67.
  • TED / TPI / NEL / PWN Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1979 September 11 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-68.
  • SUV / AUV / NEL / EPA Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1980 January 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-69.
  • TPE-1 Ionosphere / tether mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1980 September 2 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-70.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1980 September 4 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-71.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1982 January 15 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-73.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1982 February 13 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-72.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1982 February 18 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-74.
  • Ultraviolet / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1982 September 13 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-75.
  • Near infrared Background Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1983 January 14 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-76.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi).

1984 January 13 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-77.
  • CIR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1985 September 14 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-78.
  • CBR Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1986 January 31 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-79.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1987 February 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-80.
  • CBR Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1988 January 25 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-81.
  • COREX Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

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