Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kosmos 11K65



kosmosa.gif
Kosmos 8K63 LV
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian orbital launch vehicle. Initial serial production version was the Kosmos-3, built at the Krasnoryarsk Machine Factory. Flew only four times, with two failures, before being succeeded by the modernized production version under the responsibility of NPO Polyot.

LEO Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb) to a 400 km orbit. Payload: 700 kg (1,540 lb) to a 1,600 km orbit. Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1966-11-16. Last Fail Date: 1968-06-15. Launch Price $: 10.000 million in 1994 dollars.

Stage Data - Kosmos 11K65

  • Stage 1. 1 x Kosmos-1. Gross Mass: 87,200 kg (192,200 lb). Empty Mass: 5,300 kg (11,600 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,740.023 kN (391,173 lbf). Isp: 292 sec. Burn time: 130 sec. Isp(sl): 248 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 4.40 m (14.40 ft). Length: 22.40 m (73.40 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-216. Other designations: Skean; SS-5; R-14; 8K65; 65; 11K65. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Kosmos-2. Gross Mass: 20,135 kg (44,390 lb). Empty Mass: 1,435 kg (3,163 lb). Thrust (vac): 156.000 kN (35,070 lbf). Isp: 303 sec. Burn time: 375 sec. Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Span: 2.40 m (7.80 ft). Length: 6.00 m (19.60 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: 11D49. Other designations: S3. Status: In Production. Comments: Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit.

AKA: Kosmos 3; SL-8; 11K65; Skean; C-1.
Status: Retired 1968.
Gross mass: 107,500 kg (236,900 lb).
Payload: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb).
Height: 26.30 m (86.20 ft).
Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft).
Thrust: 1,477.82 kN (332,227 lbf).
Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).
First Launch: 1966.11.16.
Last Launch: 1968.08.27.
Number: 6 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Strela-2 Russian military store-dump communications satellite. 5 launches, 1965.12.28 (Cosmos 103) to 1968.08.27 (Cosmos 236). More...

Associated Engines
  • 11D49 Isayev Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 157.5 kN. Kosmos-3M stage 2. Engine has one main and four steering nozzles. Thrust 157.5 + 4 x 25 kN. Precessor was 11D47 in R-14 (derivative ?) stage 2. Isp=303s. First flight 1964. More...
  • RD-216 Glushko Nitric acid/UDMH rocket engine. 1728 kN. R-14, Kosmos 11K65 stage 1. Isp=291s. RD-216 was an assembly of 2 RD-215's with 2 combustion chambers and 2 turbines. Two sets of these were in turn used in the first stage of the R-14. First flight 1964. More...

See also
  • Kosmos 3 In 1961 Isayev and Reshetnev developed the Voskhod space launch system on the basis of the R-14 IRBM. The initial version of the two stage rocket was designated Kosmos-1. The first 'Voskhod' launch complex was at Baikonur, a modification of one of the pads at the R-16 ICBM launch complex 41. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Polyot Russian manufacturer of rockets. AKO Polyot, Omsk, Omsk, Russia. More...

Associated Programs
  • Strela Military store-dump communications satellite network. The commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite are designated Gonets-D1. They were to be deployed in a constellation of 12 satellites (2 planes of 6) between 1996 and 1998. Each satellite has a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage is 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec. Two preproduction test spacecraft of slightly different configuration called 'Gonets-D' were flown. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...

Associated Stages
  • Kosmos-1 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 87,200/5,300 kg. Thrust 1,740.02 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 292 seconds. Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit. More...
  • S3 Nitric acid/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 20,135/1,435 kg. Thrust 156.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 303 seconds. Launch count 411 orbital and ca. 300 suborbital to end 1994. Failures based on proration of failures to orbit. More...

Kosmos 11K65 Chronology


1966 November 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1967 March 24 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • Cosmos 151 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1991-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2720 . COSPAR: 1967-027A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 384 km (238 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Summary: Possible test flight..

1967 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,400 km (2,700 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,000 km (2,400 mi).

1968 June 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1968 August 27 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • Cosmos 236 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1990-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3347 . COSPAR: 1968-070A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

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