Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kosmos 63S1



r14r2656.jpg
R-56, R-26, 63S1
From left to right, dynamic test models of: R-56 monster launch vehicle; R-26 ICBM; Kosmos 63S1 launch vehicle
Credit: © Mark Wade
Ukrainian orbital launch vehicle. The 63S1 initial production version was used through May 1966 for a total of 40 launches, of which 12 were failures. It was succeeded by the 63S1M prototype for the 11K63 production space launcher.

LEO Payload: 300 kg (660 lb) to a 250 km orbit at 48.00 degrees. Failures: 12. Success Rate: 68.42%. First Fail Date: 1961-10-27. Last Fail Date: 1966-02-21.

Stage Data - Kosmos 63S1

  • Stage 1. 1 x Kosmos A-1. Gross Mass: 39,515 kg (87,115 lb). Empty Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Thrust (vac): 730.500 kN (164,223 lbf). Isp: 264 sec. Burn time: 125 sec. Isp(sl): 230 sec. Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Span: 1.80 m (5.90 ft). Length: 18.00 m (59.00 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Kerosene. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-214. Other designations: Sandal; SS-4; 8K63; R-12; 63; 11K63. Status: Out of Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Kosmos A-2. Gross Mass: 8,595 kg (18,948 lb). Empty Mass: 840 kg (1,850 lb). Thrust (vac): 105.510 kN (23,720 lbf). Isp: 352 sec. Burn time: 250 sec. Isp(sl): 220 sec. Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Span: 1.60 m (5.20 ft). Length: 7.80 m (25.50 ft). Propellants: Lox/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-119. Other designations: S1. Status: Out of Production.

AKA: Kosmos 2I; 63S1; SL-7; Sandal; B-1.
Gross mass: 48,110 kg (106,060 lb).
Payload: 300 kg (660 lb).
Height: 31.00 m (101.00 ft).
Diameter: 1.60 m (5.20 ft).
Thrust: 636.50 kN (143,091 lbf).
Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).
First Launch: 1961.10.27.
Last Launch: 1967.12.19.
Number: 38 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • DS-1 Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1961.10.27 (DS-1 s/n 1) and 1961.12.21 (DS-1 s/n 2). Technology test version of the original DS light satellite design. Primary mission was to test launch vehicle. More...
  • DS-2 Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.03.16 (Cosmos 1) to 1964.12.01 (DS-2 s/n 2). More...
  • 1MS Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.04.06 (Cosmos 2) to 1962.10.25 (1MS). Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. More...
  • 2MS Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1962.04.24 (Cosmos 3) to 1962.05.28 (Cosmos 5). Early Kosmos launcher payloads of unknown purpose, possibly from Korolev OKB. More...
  • DS-P1 Ukrainian military target satellite. 4 launches, 1962.06.30 (Cosmos 6) to 1964.02.27 (Cosmos 25). Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems. More...
  • DS-K-8 Ukrainian earth micrometeoroid satellite. One launch, 1962.08.18, Cosmos 8. Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment. More...
  • DS-A1 Ukrainian navigation technology satellite. 7 launches, 1962.10.20 (Cosmos 11) to 1965.07.02 (Cosmos 70). More...
  • Omega Russian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1963.04.13 (Cosmos 14) to 1963.12.13 (Cosmos 23). Early Cosmos satellite, evidently using the Yuzhnoye DS satellite bus. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. More...
  • DS-MT Ukrainian technology satellite. 3 launches, 1963.06.01 (DS-MT s/n 1) to 1964.12.10 (Cosmos 51). Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays. More...
  • DS-MG Ukrainian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1964.03.18 (Cosmos 26) to 1964.10.24 (Cosmos 49). Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied magnetosphere of the earth. More...
  • DS-P1-Yu Ukrainian military target satellite. 79 launches, 1964.07.30 (Cosmos 36) to 1976.08.26 (Cosmos 850). Development of systems for air defense and the control of outer space. More...
  • Strela-1 Russian military store-dump communications satellite. 29 launches, 1964.08.18 (Cosmos 38) to 1965.09.18 (Cosmos 90). More...
  • DS-K-40 Ukrainian communications technology satellite. 2 launches, 1965.12.28 (DS-K-40 s/n 1) and 1966.02.21 (DS-K-40 s/n 2). Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites. More...
  • DS-U1-G Ukrainian earth ionosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1966.02.11 (Cosmos 108) to 1967.12.19 (Cosmos 196). Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity. More...
  • DS-U2-D Ukrainian earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1966.12.21 (Cosmos 137) to 1968.04.26 (Cosmos 219). Studied charged particle flows. More...

Associated Engines
  • RD-119 Glushko lox/udmh rocket engine. 105.5 kN. Kosmos 1 stage 2. Out of production. Isp=352s. Derived from RD-109 motor originally intended for the second stage of a Lox/UDMH version of the R-7. First flight 1961. More...
  • RD-214 Glushko Nitric acid/Kerosene rocket engine. 730 kN. R-12, Kosmos 11K63 stage 1. Isp=264s. Single turbopump driven by H2O2 gas generator feeding four fixed chambers. Ignition with propellant TG-02. First flight 1957. More...

See also
  • Kosmos 2 In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Yuzhnoye Ukrainian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Yangel Design Bureau, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine. More...

Associated Programs
  • DS DS ('Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik') were small satellites built by Yangel's OKB-586 / KB Yuzhnoye in the Ukraine for launch by the same KB's Kosmos launch vehicles. They were used for a wide range of military and scientific research and component proving tests. More...
  • MS Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. More...
  • Strela Military store-dump communications satellite network. The commercial version of GRU Strela-3 military store-dump satellite are designated Gonets-D1. They were to be deployed in a constellation of 12 satellites (2 planes of 6) between 1996 and 1998. Each satellite has a single simultaneous earth-space and space-earth channel. On-board storage is 12 Mbits of data, with a transmission rate of 2.4 kbit/sec. Two preproduction test spacecraft of slightly different configuration called 'Gonets-D' were flown. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Associated Stages
  • Kosmos A-1 Nitric acid/Kerosene propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 39,515/3,150 kg. Thrust 730.50 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 264 seconds. More...
  • S1 Lox/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,595/840 kg. Thrust 105.51 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 352 seconds. More...

Kosmos 63S1 Chronology


1960 August 8 - . LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Kosmos 63S1 small booster and DS small satellites authorised. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: DS-1; DS-2. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Creation of the Rocket-Carrier 63S1 Based on the R-12 Missile, and the Development and Launch of Small Artificial Satellite--start of work on launcher and satellites at OKB-586'

1961 October 27 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-2 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-1. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-1. COSPAR: F611027A. Summary: Failed first attempt to launch a DS-1 technology test version of the DS satellite atop a Cosmos 63S1 small launch vehicle. The boster didn't reach orbital velocity due to the failure of an acceleration integrator in the velocity regulation control..

1961 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 354 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-1 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-1. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-1. COSPAR: F611221A. Second attempted launch of Cosmos 63S1 small launch vehicle 2LK with a DS-1 satgellite. This time the new second stage failed. The oxidiser was exhausted before orbital velocity could be reached due to uncontrolled pumping of liquid oxygen into the combustion chamber. The upper stage and satellite impacted in the Kurile Islands. An Expert Commission headed by Ustinov was convened to review the program.

1962 March 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 6LK.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: DS-2 s/n 2. Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1962-03-26 . Decay Date: 1962-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 266 . COSPAR: 1962-Theta-1. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. After five months of further work and tests to improve the reliability of the second stage, Yangel's team felt it was ready to again attempt a launch of the 63S1 booster. 63S1 s/n 6LK put a DS-2 satellite into orbit, which conducted studies of the ionosphere. This was the first successful launch of the Kosmos 63S1 launch vehicle. A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted.

1962 April 6 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 5LK.
  • Cosmos 2 - . Payload: 1MS s/n 1. Mass: 285 kg (628 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 1MS. Decay Date: 1963-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 269 . COSPAR: 1962-Iota-1. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Summary: Radiation, cosmic ray data. Decay date suspect Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 April 24 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 4LK.
  • Cosmos 3 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 1. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1962-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 281 . COSPAR: 1962-Nu-1. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Summary: Cosmic ray, radiation data. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. LV Configuration: Kosmos 63S1 3LK.
  • Cosmos 5 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 2. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1963-05-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 297 . COSPAR: 1962-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 1,578 km (980 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 102.60 min. Summary: Monitored artificial radiation. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 June 30 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 6 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-07-06 . Decay Date: 1962-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 338 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Delta-1. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1962 August 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 8 - . Payload: DS-K-8 s/n 1. Mass: 337 kg (742 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-8. Completed Operations Date: 1962-08-23 . Decay Date: 1963-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 367 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Xi-1. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Summary: Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment..

1962 October 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 1. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-10-28 . Decay Date: 1964-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 441 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Theta-1. Apogee: 858 km (533 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1962 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • 1MS - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: 1MS. COSPAR: F621025A.

1963 April 6 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. COSPAR: F630406A. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 April 13 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 14 - . Payload: DS-U / Omega-1. Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omega. Decay Date: 1963-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 567 . COSPAR: 1963-010A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Summary: Tested VNIIEM electric gyrodyne satellite orientation technology..

1963 May 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 17 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 2. Mass: 322 kg (709 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1963-05-30 . Decay Date: 1965-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 580 . COSPAR: 1963-017A. Apogee: 658 km (408 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 June 1 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 4 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-MT s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-MT. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. COSPAR: F630601A. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays..

1963 August 6 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 19 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 3. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-03-29 . Decay Date: 1964-03-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 632 . COSPAR: 1963-033A. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1963 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 3 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F630822A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed 353 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-A1 s/n 4 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F631024A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1963 December 13 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 23 - . Payload: DS-U / Omega-1. Mass: 347 kg (765 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Omega. Decay Date: 1964-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 707 . COSPAR: 1963-050A. Apogee: 560 km (340 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Summary: Tested VNIIEM electric gyrodyne satellite orientation technology..

1964 February 27 - . 13:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 25 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 4. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-21 . Decay Date: 1964-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 757 . COSPAR: 1964-010A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1964 March 18 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 26 - . Payload: DS-MG s/n 1. Mass: 365 kg (804 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1964-04-01 . Decay Date: 1964-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 766 . COSPAR: 1964-013A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Summary: Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also obtained radiation data..

1964 June 6 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 31 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1964-06-23 . Decay Date: 1964-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 803 . COSPAR: 1964-028A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays..

1964 July 30 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 36 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-27 . Decay Date: 1965-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 844 . COSPAR: 1964-042A. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1964 August 22 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 42 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 864 . COSPAR: 1964-050A. Apogee: 1,105 km (686 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.10 min.
  • Cosmos 43 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1965-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 867 . COSPAR: 1964-050C. Apogee: 1,093 km (679 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

1964 October 24 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 49 - . Payload: DS-MG s/n 2. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1964-11-09 . Decay Date: 1965-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 913 . COSPAR: 1964-069A. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Summary: Payload developed by VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied measured Earth infrared and ultraviolet flux..

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Payload shroud did not separate.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-2 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-2. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-2. COSPAR: F641201A. Summary: A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted..

1964 December 9 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 51 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 3. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1965-01-04 . Decay Date: 1965-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 947 . COSPAR: 1964-080A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Summary: Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays, and measured the luminosity of the starry sky..

1965 January 30 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 53 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 5. Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-09 . Decay Date: 1966-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 983 . COSPAR: 1965-006A. Apogee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. COSPAR: F650212A. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 64 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-A1. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. COSPAR: F650220A. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 July 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 70 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 7. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-07-12 . Decay Date: 1966-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1431 . COSPAR: 1965-052A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.

1965 July 23 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 76 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-10-28 . Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1464 . COSPAR: 1965-059A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 December 21 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 101 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-03-11 . Decay Date: 1966-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1846 . COSPAR: 1965-107A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 December 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. COSPAR: F651228A. Summary: Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 108 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1966-02-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2002 . COSPAR: 1966-011A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1966 February 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 83 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. COSPAR: F660221A. Summary: Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 December 21 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 137 - . Payload: DS-U2-D s/n 1. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-D. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-12 . Decay Date: 1967-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2627 . COSPAR: 1966-117A. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Summary: Studied charged particle flows..

1967 December 19 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 196 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 2. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1968-02-07 . Decay Date: 1968-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 3074 . COSPAR: 1967-125A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

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