Encyclopedia Astronautica
Long Tom


Australian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Long Tom + 1 x Mayfly

Success Rate: 100.00%. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1966.
Gross mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb).
Height: 8.30 m (27.20 ft).
Diameter: 0.47 m (1.54 ft).
Thrust: 190.00 kN (42,710 lbf).
Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).
First Launch: 1957.10.01.
Last Launch: 1966.11.10.
Number: 16 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • WRE Australian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Australian Weapons Research Establishment, Australia. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.

Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...
  • Woomera LA2 Stonechat, Skylark, Rook, Jaguar, Black Brant, Lorikeet, Long Tom, Kookaburra, HAD, Corella, Cockatoo, Aero High launch complex. Sounding rocket launcher More...

Associated Stages
  • Long Tom-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 600 kg. Thrust 190.00 kN. More...
  • Long Tom-2 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 300 kg. Thrust 62.00 kN. More...

Long Tom Chronology


1957 October 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT8.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1959 May 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT11.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT10.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1960 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT9.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1960 July 28 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1961 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT13.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 May 31 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA1. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT15.
  • - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 November 10 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom. LV Configuration: Long Tom LT16.
  • Gosling flight Solar Ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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