Encyclopedia Astronautica

Russian winged orbital launch vehicle. Turbojet/ramjet-powered two stage to orbit horizontal takeoff / horizontal landing vehicle. Mach 6 stage separation. The orbiter had a 2000 km cross-range capability with landing on airfields with runways of 3500 m length or more.

LEO Payload: 12,600 kg (27,700 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 51.00 degrees.

Status: Study 1993.
Gross mass: 420,000 kg (920,000 lb).
Payload: 12,600 kg (27,700 lb).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • MiG Russian manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau, Russia. More...

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