Encyclopedia Astronautica
MR-20



r14kal.jpg
MR-12 rocket
MR-12 sounding rocket and R-12 IRBM at Kaluga
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian sounding rocket. Upper atmosphere Soviet sounding rocket, improved version of MR-12, but capable of lofting 135 kg to 250 km altitude.

Payload: 130 kg (280 lb) to a 250 km altitude. Success Rate: 100.00%.

Gross mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb).
Payload: 130 kg (280 lb).
Height: 9.00 m (29.50 ft).
Diameter: 0.45 m (1.47 ft).
Span: 1.36 m (4.46 ft).
Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).
First Launch: 1979.01.01.
Last Launch: 1991.10.01.
Number: 109 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • MR-12 The MR-12 sounding rocket was developed by the Soviet Union as a modern replacement for the MR-1 Meteo. It was a single stage solid rocket with a 170 kg payload. Payload section 1.55 m long, 0.445 m in diameter. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • AN Russian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Academy of Sciences (Russian abbreviation), Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Atlantic Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Atlantic accounted for 521 launches from 1947 to 1995, reaching up to 750 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kapustin Yar V-2 V-2, RT-15, R-5, R-2, R-17, R-11, R-1, Pioner, MR-12, M-100, Kosmos 3, Kosmos 2, RT-1, R-13, MMR-06, MERA launch complex. V-2 Launch Area More...

Associated Stages

MR-20 Chronology


1979 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • State trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 March 18 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 18.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Plazma Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 June 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 April 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 May 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 July 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 July 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 September 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 October 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 November 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 November 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 December 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1988 December 1 - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. Launch Pad: 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 November 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 August 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 September 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1991 October 1 - . Launch Site: Atlantic Ocean. Launch Pad: 15.0 N x 65.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

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