Encyclopedia Astronautica
Mu



mu3c.jpg
Mu-3C
Mu-3C - COSPAR 1975-014
The Japanese Mu launcher series provided a flexible all-solid propellant launch vehicle for access to space. It was the first Japanese launch vehicle designed from the start as an orbital launch vehicle.

Failures: 3. Success Rate: 88.89%. First Fail Date: 1970-09-25. Last Fail Date: 1995-01-15. Launch data is: complete.

Status: Retired 1995.
First Launch: 1966.10.31.
Last Launch: 1995.01.15.
Number: 27 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • SS Japanese earth magnetosphere satellite. 6 launches, 1970.09.25 (SS) to 1985.08.18 (SS-11 Suisei). Scientific observations in outer space. More...
  • Tansei Japanese technology satellite. 5 launches, 1971.02.16 (Tansei 1) to 1985.01.07 (SS-10 Sagikake). Series of spacecraft of varying configurations built for engineering tests of scientific satellite equipment. More...
  • Corsa A Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 1976.02.04. Japanese technology satellite. More...
  • EXOS Japanese earth ionosphere satellite. 4 launches, 1978.02.04 (SS-05 Kyokko) to 1989.02.21 (Akebono). Optical investigations of ionosphere. EXOS-C (OHZORA). More...
  • Astro Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite. 4 launches, 1981.02.21 (SS-07 Hinotori) to 1993.02.20 (Asuka). X-ray experiments. Launching organization: ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science). More...
  • Hagoromo Japanese lunar orbiter. One launch, 1990.01.24. Lunar orbiter ejected from Muses A 3/19/90; contact lost after release; engineering test. Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). More...
  • Hiten Japanese lunar orbiter. One launch, 1990.01.24. MUSES-A was renamed Hiten after launch. It developed of lunar swingby techniques for future missions and ejected a lunar orbiter. More...
  • Solar Japanese solar satellite. One launch, 1991.08.30. X-ray imaging of Sun. More...
  • Express 1 Japanese materials science satellite. One launch, 1995.01.15, EXPRESS RV. At first thought not to have reached orbit. Later reentry vehicle was discovered in Ghana having reentered and deployed its parachute on Jan 15. More...

See also
  • Mu The Japanese Mu launcher series provided a flexible all-solid propellant launch vehicle for access to space. It was the first Japanese launch vehicle designed from the start as an orbital launch vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Nissan Japanese manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Nissan, Japan. More...

Bibliography
  • McDowell, Jonathan, Jonathan's Space Home Page (launch records), Harvard University, 1997-present. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Krebs, Gunter, Gunter's Space Page, University of Frankfurt, 1996. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • JPL Mission and Spacecraft Library, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1997. Web Address when accessed: here.
  • Bramscher, Robert G, "A Survey of Launch Vehicle Failures", Spaceflight, 1980, Volume 22, page 351.
  • Evgrafov, V N, et. al., Katalog - Raketnaya i Kosmicheskaya Tekhnika, Kaluga, 1992.
  • National Space Science Center Planetary Page, As of 19 February 1999.. Web Address when accessed: here.

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