Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nativ



wnativ.jpg
Nativ
Credit: © Mark Wade
As part of its effort to develop what started out as an American version of the A9 boost-glide rocket, North American Aviation built seven Nativ subscale technology demonstrators.

There is barely any information on what this rocket was like, and even very inconsistent information on the flight series. One source says it had the configuration of the German Wasserfall, but photographs and a North American drawing shows it to be unwinged, with larger aft tail surfaces like the A9. It is not even known what kind of rocket engine powered the vehicle (perhaps a version of the 14.7 kN test engine developed by North American and used in tests in the company parking lot). One source speaks of six launches, another of three, but the North American chart mentions four. It seems that there were perhaps six launch attempts, two of which never made it very far off the pad, three that made it some distance aloft, and only one that was considered somewhat successful (reaching Mach 2.23 and an altitude of 18 km).

Failures: 2. First Fail Date: 1948-05-26. Last Fail Date: 1948-11-01. Development Cost $: 679.800 million in 1956 dollars. Maximum range: 65 km (40 mi). Total Number Built: 7.

AKA: RTV-A-3.
Gross mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb).
Height: 4.10 m (13.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.46 m (1.50 ft).
Span: 1.31 m (4.29 ft).
Thrust: 11.60 kN (2,608 lbf).
Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).
First Launch: 1948.05.26.
Last Launch: 1948.11.01.
Number: 4 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Navaho The Navaho intercontinental cruise missile project was begun just after World War II, at a time when the US Army Air Force considered ballistic missiles to be technically impractical. The Navaho required a large liquid propellant rocket engine to get its Mach 3 ramjet up to ignition speed. This engine, derived with German assistance from that of the V-2, provided the basis for the rockets that would later take Americans into space. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • North American American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. North American, Palmdale, El Segundo. Downey, CA, USA More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Holloman Military missile and sounding rocket launch site. Also notable for several rocket-powered sleds, used to test a variety of manned and unmanned aircraft and aerospace vehicles at supersonic speeds. Known to have been used for 147 major launches from 1948 to 1959, reaching up to 235 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages

Nativ Chronology


1948 May 26 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman NATIV. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Nativ. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nativ first attempted launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). First launch attempt of MX-770 technology demonstrator. Seven rockets were built in total. There is very inconsistent information on the flight series. One source speaks of six launches, another of four, and a third of three. It seems that there were six launch attempts, three of which never made it very far off the pad, two made it some distance aloft, and only one was considered somewhat successful (reaching Mach 2.23 and an altitude of 18 km).

1948 Q3? - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman NATIV. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Nativ.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1948 October 15 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman NATIV. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Nativ.
  • Nativ Launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). Summary: On the most successful Nativ launch, the missile reached Mach 2.23 and an altitude of 18 km..

1948 November 1 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman NATIV. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Nativ. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Final Nativ launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

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