Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nike Tomahawk



niketoma.jpg
Nike Tomahawk
American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Tomahawk upper stage. Payload 45 kg to 370 km or 115 kg to 215 km.

The sounding rocket was originally designed by the Sandia Corporation in support of Atomic Energy Commission programmes. It was subsequently adopted by NASA and Germany for scientific studies.

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

The Nike-Tomahawk also saw considerable operational use by NASA beginning in 1965. Originally developed by the Thiokol Chemical Corp. for Sandia Corp., the acting agent for the AEC, the Nike-Tomahawk carried a larger payload to higher altitudes than the Nike-Apache.

Payload: 45 kg (99 lb) to a 370 km altitude. Failures: 18. Success Rate: 95.45%. First Fail Date: 1963-07-03. Last Fail Date: 1979-08-14. Cruise engine: TE-416.

Gross mass: 990 kg (2,180 lb).
Payload: 45 kg (99 lb).
Height: 10.80 m (35.40 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf).
Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).
First Launch: 1963.06.25.
Last Launch: 1995.11.27.
Number: 399 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Sandia American manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Sandia Laboratories, Albequerque, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...
  • Poker Flat Sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1969 to present. Poker Flat Rocket Range (PFRR) contains five major launch pads. Pads 1 and 2 each have a 7.5K launcher, pads 3 and 4 each contain 20K MRL launchers, and pad 5 contains a 4K twin boom launcher. Pad 3 is equipped with a moveable launcher enclosure which can be used to protect a rocket on pad 3 and workers from the severe winter weather. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Tonopah Sounding rocket and test vehicle launch site. Conducted launches in support of US nuclear weapons development programs. Known to have been used for 93 launches from 1957 to 1986, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Eglin This US Air Force proving ground and missile test range, based in Valparaiso, Florida and extending over a vast expanse of the Gulf of Mexico, was founded in 1935, In early 1946 the First Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin. The highly-instrumented Eglin Gulf Test Range supported flight tests of Bomarc, Matador, Quail, and Hound Dog cruise missiles. Both the military and NASA used Eglin to support launch of sounding rockets in support of their programs. Eglin was known to have been used for 441 launches from 1959 to 1980, reaching up to 686 kilometers altitude. The actual number of missile tests was many times greater. More...
  • Kwajalein The US military base located on this Pacific island group has major tracking facilities and is near the impact area for dummy warheads fired by ICBM's from Vandenberg AFB. It is a key test location for anti-ballistic missile systems. More...
  • Andoya Andoya Rocket Range (ARR) is the world's northernmost permanent launch facility for sounding rockets and scientific balloons and is responsible for all scientific-related balloon and rocket operations in Norwegian territory. ARR provides complete services for launch, operations, data acquisition, recovery and ground instrumentation support. The range has conducted more than 650 rocket launches and hosted scientists and engineers from more than 70 institutes and universities. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Thumba Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1385 launches from 1963 to 2004, reaching up to 400 kilometers altitude. More...
  • San Marco In 1962 NASA signed an agreement with the Centro Ricerche Aerospaziali at the University of Rome creating the San Marco program. The purpose of the program was to place an Italian satellite in orbit and to create an Italian equatorial launch site for the Scout rocket. Permission was obtained from Kenya to emplace two modified oil platforms off their coast, on the equator. The Santa Rita platform would serve as a launch control center and would also be used for launch of sounding rockets. The San Marco platform would be dedicated to launch of Scout rockets to orbit. More...
  • Kiruna The sounding rocket launch site at Kiruna was officially opened in September 1966 under the auspices of ESRO (European Space Research Organisation). When ESA was created in 1972 and replaced ESRO, Kiruna came under the management of the Swedish Space Corporation, a state-owned limited liability company under the Swedish Ministry of Industry. The 'Esrange' is located 45 km from the town of Kiruna and has seven permanent pads able to launch the largest sounding rockets, including the Black Brant 9, Skylark 12, and Castor 4B-boosted vehicles. More...
  • Natal Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 233 launches from 1965 to 2007, reaching up to 1100 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Rarotonga Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 5 launches in 1965, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Arecibo Sounding rocket launch site near world's largest radio telescope, known to have been used for 40 launches from 1966 to 1998, reaching up to 375 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cassino Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 27 launches in 1966, reaching up to 297 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Cape Parry Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 18 launches from 1969 to 1982, reaching up to 662 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Barter Island Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 3 launches in 1970, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Hall Beach Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 7 launches in 1971, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Sonde Stromfjord The Danish Meteorological Institute established this sounding rocket range in 1971. The site was located next to an airport at the end of the fjord and was only occupied during launch campaigns. The location was well-suited for observation of the Arctic aurora and ionosphere. Known to have been used for 31 launches from 1971 to 1987, reaching up to 816 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chilca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 34 launches from 1974 to 1983, reaching up to 742 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Siple Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 11 launches from 1978 to 1981, reaching up to 211 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake Sounding rocket range, known to have been used for 23 launches in 1979, reaching up to 215 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Red Lake CHK Tomahawk Sandia, Nike, Loki, Honest John, Hawk, Black Brant, Arcas launch complex. Chukuni Range More...
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Nike Tomahawk Chronology


1963 June 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-2.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-3.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 October 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-7.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1963 November 22 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-9.
  • HRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-21.
  • Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1964 January 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12" Payload test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-8.
  • Density Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 March 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-45.
  • Ballistic Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1964 March 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL 12-inch payload test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 May 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-52.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 14 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-50.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi).

1964 May 15 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-51.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1964 May 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-46.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-22.
  • Stovepipe Ballistic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1964 May 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-10.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1964 May 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-28.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 May 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-30.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 June 29 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-57. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-58.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1964 July 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-62.
  • Ballistic (Sun) Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1964 July 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-18.
  • LRL SAP Camera Test / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-20.
  • LRL SAP Camera Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1964 July 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-31.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 July 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-33.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1964 July 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-48.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1964 August 5 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-43.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 August 8 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-42.
  • LASL Sun Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi).

1964 November 6 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-59.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 9 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-67.
  • Ballistic HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1964 November 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-65.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1964 November 18 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-66.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1964 November 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 115-5.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 115-6.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1964 November 30 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-71.
  • HHRT test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-55. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 January 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-23.
  • Ballistic (TTR?) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-72.
  • LASL Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-53.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-49.
  • ACS Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 March 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-73.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 March 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-79.
  • ACS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.05/18.01GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-78.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-77.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-75.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-76.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-74.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 November 9 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.03GA.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.02GA.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1965 November 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-84.
  • Environment Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-27.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-89. FAILURE: Failure.
  • HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 November 22 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-83. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 March 23 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.07GE.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.08GE.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1966 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-24.
  • Radiochemistry? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1966 May 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-91.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-60.
  • ACS test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-92. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-54.
  • LRL BOX-6 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-102.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-29.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-85.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-19.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-32.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-86.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.05GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.06GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.22GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 September 1 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.18UE.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.20UE.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.21UE.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.19UE.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-25.
  • Sampler (Camera) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-99.
  • LRL BOX-7 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 September 22 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-98.
  • LRL AXE-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 25 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.26IA.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 November 8 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.04GE.
  • Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-93.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-94.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-95.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.27UE.
  • UNH / Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-8 (ETR-1474).
  • Diurnal thermosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-6 (ETR-1828).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-3 (ETR-1165).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-1 (ETR-0381).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1967 January 24 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-2 (ETR-0611).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1967 January 25 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-7 (ETR-0851).
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.23GE.
  • Particle fluxes Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1967 February 28 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-100.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1967 March 9 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.24GE.
  • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 March 27 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.28UE.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1967 March 30 - . 19:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.12UI.
  • GCA Ion Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1967 March 31 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.09GE.
  • Ba Release Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 April 13 - . 07:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AF08.647.
  • Sphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1967 April 19 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AF08.650.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-4.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1967 April 25 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-5.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi).

1967 April 28 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AF08.651.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1967 May 18 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-56.
  • LRL BOX-10 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 May 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-97. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-9 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi).

1967 June 6 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.29UE.
  • UNH neutron flux Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.43GE.
  • Ba clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 August 31 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.46GE.
  • Double probe Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.44GE.
  • 4 Barium clouds Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 2 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.47GE.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1967 September 7 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-88.
  • LRL BOX-8a X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.45GE.
  • Ba clouds, E field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1967 September 12 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.48GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • E fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1967 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.50GA.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1967 September 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-101.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1967 September 29 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island HAD23. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-87.
  • LRL BOX-12 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 2 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-106.
  • LRL BOX-11 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 October 3 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-103.
  • LASL Solar Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1967 October 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9 Sandia 152-82.
  • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1967 October 4 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.645.
  • Ba clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.646.
  • Ba Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1967 November 23 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.34UE.
  • Auroral particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1967 December 5 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.66UA.
  • Auroral profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1967 December 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.665.
  • Release / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.62GM.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AG08.648.
  • NO / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.13UE.
  • Ionosphere currents Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.38UE.
  • UNH Aurora / Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 6 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-105.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 February 9 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-104.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1968 February 22 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.61GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.35UE.
  • Aurora Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1968 February 23 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.67UA.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 February 28 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.68UA.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 2 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.37UE.
  • Auroral P / F Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1968 March 15 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.10UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.53GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.49GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi).

1968 March 17 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.52GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 18 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.36UE.
  • Auroral P / F Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 March 21 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.63UE.
  • Auroral emissions Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1968 April 4 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.60GE.
  • Auroral Aurora / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.41UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.33CE.
  • p / e flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 April 25 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.42UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 April 30 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.40UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1968 May 3 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.39UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1968 May 9 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-114.
  • LRL BOX-14 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1968 May 12 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.670.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 13 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.666.
  • Ba release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 May 15 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-111.
  • LRL BOX-8b X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1968 May 18 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 152-112.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 19 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-108.
  • LRL ACS-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 154-113.
  • Ion gages Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 May 24 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 152-115.
  • O2 absorption Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 July 31 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.31UA.
  • JHU Airglow 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1968 August 8 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.51GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1968 August 9 - . 07:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.56GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1968 August 20 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.649.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1968 August 21 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.30UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi).

1968 August 27 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.668.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.75GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 20 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.58IE.
  • Ferdinand 18 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1968 September 21 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.76GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 September 23 - . 19:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.77GE.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi).

1968 October 1 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.59IE.
  • Ferdinand 19 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1968 October 16 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.69UA.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1969 January 26 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.11GI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.25UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.86CA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 7 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.83GE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 8 - . 03:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.84GE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 9 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.85GE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.81UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 March 17 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.15UE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1969 April 17 - . 06:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.80CE.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1969 April 18 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AT08.288.
  • Magnetic field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1969 May 17 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-127.
  • LRL BOX-8c X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.669.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1969 May 22 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AH08.919-1.
  • NO / Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.32UG.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.78GA.
  • Planetary Mass Spec Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1969 August 21 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.102GA.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-109.
  • LRL RCS-3 (Daisy III) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 October 4 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.71UG.
  • CRL AH08.645 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1969 November 18 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-135.
  • LRL ACS-5 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1970 January 13 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-137.
  • LRL ROX-3 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.64UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1970 January 16 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.79GM.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1970 January 17 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.65UE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1970 February 3 - . 22:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.113IE.
  • Ferdinand 25 / Polar 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi).

1970 February 4 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.100UA.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1970 February 5 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.101UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 February 10 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.16UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.90GE.
  • Dual Ba 1B Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 2 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.87GE.
  • Dual Ba 1A Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 3 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.108GE.
  • Dual Ba 2B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.88GE.
  • Dual Ba 2A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 4 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat LC1. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.109GE.
  • Dual Ba 3B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 5 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barter Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.89GE.
  • Dual Ba 3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.104GA.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.105GA.
  • Thermosphere Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.106GA.
  • Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.114IE.
  • Ferdinand 24 Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL AT08.298.
  • B field / particles Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.99GI.
  • ISRO 17.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.97GI.
  • ISRO 17.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1970 March 9 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.98GI.
  • ISRO 17.02? Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1970 March 26 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.82UA.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1970 April 11 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.91UE.
  • Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 May 5 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-136.
  • LRL ACS-1B [or 0822] X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1970 July 30 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.72UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 October 7 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.54NE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 10 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.92UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.115IE.
  • Ferdinand 23 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1970 November 18 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.93UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 10 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk W-NT-36.
  • DLR W-NT-36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk W-NT-37.
  • DLR W-NT-37 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 January 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP 10.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1971 January 16 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk MUMP-9.
  • MUMP 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1971 January 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk DLR A-NT-39.
  • MPE Barium release / Brigitte Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1971 January 22 - . 20:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.116IE.
  • Ferdinand 26 / Polar 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk DLR A-NT-38.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 February 14 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.110UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 11 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Caribou V.
  • Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.126GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.122GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 16 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.14UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 17 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.95UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.127GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.123GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.128GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.94UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 19 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.124GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.019-1.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.17UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 21 - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.125GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Hall Beach. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.129GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1971 March 27 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 March 31 - . 07:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.130CE.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1971 May 18 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.919-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1971 May 25 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC10. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-171.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LEINAX I X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1971 May 26 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 152-?.
  • NO density - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.117UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 July 13 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.118UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 October 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.103-2.
  • Photometers Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

1971 November 17 - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.103GA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.102-2.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1972 January 13 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.135IE.
  • Ferdinand 29 / Electra Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.111UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.131IA.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.137IE.
  • Ferdinand 31 / Proton 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 February 25 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.112UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.141GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.142GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.73UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.143GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.013-1.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.113-1.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.112-1.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 May 22 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk LEINAX II.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 June 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-185.
  • LRL ACS-1C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.151UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.105-10.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 November 6 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.215-2.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1973 January 16 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.57IE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.138IE.
  • Ferdinand 32 / Proton 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Sandia 152-199.
  • Caribou VII Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 February 6 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.136IE.
  • Ferdinand 30 / Electra-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.132IA.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 March 16 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.152UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1973 March 21 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.144GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1973 March 22 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.145GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1973 March 27 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.146GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1973 March 30 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.147GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1973 March 31 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.148GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1973 June 30 - . 13:07 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1973 July 28 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.153UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.105-11.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.005-2.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1973 October 19 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.105-12.
  • Release YVONNE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 January 17 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.160GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.161GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.162GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.139IE.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.134IE.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.133IE.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 March 10 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.158IE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Acanta Contiga.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.306-4.
  • Aladdin 74 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.207-2.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk CRL A08.207-1.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 July 2 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.156IE-UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.157IE-UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.154UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.167UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.140IE.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1975 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Barium cloud.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 January 31 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Barium cloud.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 February 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Barium cloud.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 March 1 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.159UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 March 18 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.165UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 March 23 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.166UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1975 April 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.172GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.174GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 13 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.173GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 April 16 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.175GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.170GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi).

1975 May 24 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.171GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1975 June 3 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.149GE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1975 June 7 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.150GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1975 September 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-?.
  • LRL ACS-1D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 23 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-12 Sandia 152-?.
  • LRL ACS-1E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1975 September 24 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.163UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1975 December 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 12.31GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1976 January 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1007UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-1 (EF8).
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 January 23 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.608-1.
  • Winter Anomaly Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1976 February 1 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.208UE.
  • Ferdinand 45 / Polar 5 Aurora / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NTNF. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1976 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1001UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1976 February 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.164UE.
  • FERRET / 18.1003UE Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1976 March 1 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1002UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-2.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.176GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 27 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.194GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.195GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 March 30 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.177GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1976 June 29 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.181GA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 August 12 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.168UE.
  • NASA 18.1006UE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1976 August 22 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.209IE.
  • CUSP II Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1976 August 27 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.210IE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 September 21 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.178GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1976 September 23 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.179GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1976 September 30 - . 12:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.180GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1976 October 29 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.155UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1976 November 27 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.206IE.
  • Ferdinand 39 (Harang) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 January 8 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1008UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1977 January 23 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1005UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1977 February 6 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1004UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1977 February 7 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1011UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1012UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.213IE.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 16 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.212GE-IE.
  • Ferdinand 46 Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1977 April 8 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1013GA.
  • Auroral extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1977 August 17 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.182GA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1977 August 18 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1009UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1977 December 11 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.183GA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1978 January 30 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.211IE/UE.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1017UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1015UE.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 2 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1016UE.
  • Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 10 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1018UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1978 March 27 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.215GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1978 March 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.214GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1978 May 6 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Uno - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 May 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DNA Avefria Dos - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1978 June 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1023UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1978 June 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1019CE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1978 September 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.708-1.
  • CLUSTER ION Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.207IE.
  • Ferdinand 41 (Elec 3) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1978 November 27 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.216IE.
  • Ferdinand 40 (Elec 2) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1978 December 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1024UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1020UE.
  • Range check mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Summary: Range check. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1021UE.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1022UE.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 April 15 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.218GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.217GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1026GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.705-2.
  • DMSP MS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.706-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DMSP DENS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 50.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 49.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.203UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1980 December 20 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.204UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1981 January 10 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.205UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1981 October 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1027GU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1981 October 25 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Polar 6.
  • Ferdinand 51 Auroral mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1982 April 15 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1028GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 April 16 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1029GE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 October 5 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 61.
  • Hero 4 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1982 October 23 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 60.
  • Hero 3 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 59.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1982 December 14 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Ferdinand 58.
  • Hero 1 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1983 November 9 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk GL A08.708-2.
  • IMS Release (SF6) Plasma release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.219UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1987 March 21 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.220UE.
  • COPE II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.221UE.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1992 March 3 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.222UE.
  • Aria-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 March 6 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.223UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1992 May 25 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.224UE.
  • EL COQUI AA-3A Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.233UE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 February 12 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.232UE.
  • Aria-II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.226UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 23 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.225UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.228UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1994 September 24 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.227UE.
  • GUARA Sunset Electrodynamics Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 February 2 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.230UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.231UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1995 November 27 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.229UE.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

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