Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nike Nike


American sounding rocket. 2-4 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike + 1 x Nike + upper stages.

Payload: 70 kg (154 lb) to a 352 km altitude.

Gross mass: 1,392 kg (3,068 lb).
Payload: 70 kg (154 lb).
Height: 11.90 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.42 m (1.37 ft).
Span: 1.80 m (5.90 ft).
Thrust: 217.00 kN (48,783 lbf).
Apogee: 352 km (218 mi).
First Launch: 1956.06.07.
Last Launch: 1979.10.29.
Number: 18 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Nike Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • NASA Langley American agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Langley, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Chilca Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 34 launches from 1974 to 1983, reaching up to 742 kilometers altitude. More...

Associated Stages
  • HJ Nike Nike-3 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 599/256 kg. Thrust 195.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 195 seconds. The average sea level thrust of the Nike rocket motor was 190.3 kN. The interstage adapter was bolted to the front of the Nike and consisted of a conical shaped adapter which slip-fit into the second stage nozzle, thus providing for drag separation at Nike burnout. Each Nike fin was 0.45 square meters in area. Normally, the fins were canted to provide a two revolutions per second spin rate at Nike burnout. More...

Nike Nike Chronology


1956 June 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • E41 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 April 23 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • Cree III 29-2 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1959 June 19 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • Cree III 30-3 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 July 10 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • Cree III 31-4 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1959 September 2 - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • Cree III 32-5 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1960 August 22 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GAC-1.
  • Cree II - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1960 November 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GAC-2.
  • Cree II - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike Sandia.
  • SPTV-9 Para test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1967 February 15 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike Sandia 158-11.
  • Parachute test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1967 November 17 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike Sandia 158-12.
  • Parachute test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1968 June 12 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike Sandia 158-13.
  • Parachute test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1978 May 20 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.710-1.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1978 May 22 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.710-2.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.709-1.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1978 September 13 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.709-2.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-1.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 24 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-2.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 October 29 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike. LV Configuration: Nike Nike GL A45.803-3.
  • SMOKE Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

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