Encyclopedia Astronautica
Nova MM T10RR-3



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Nova Model T10RR-3
Nova Martin Marietta Model T10RR-3
Credit: © Mark Wade
American heavy-lift orbital launch vehicle. Two stage Nova using CD modules; reusable first stage with 18 modules exhausting to a 10% length plug nozzle; reusable second stage with 2 CD module engines. Operational date would have been July 1977.

LEO Payload: 419,000 kg (923,000 lb) to a 185 km orbit.

Stage Data - Nova MM T10RR-3

  • Stage 1. 1 x Nova MM T10RR-3-1. Gross Mass: 5,517,000 kg (12,162,000 lb). Empty Mass: 680,000 kg (1,490,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 109,000.000 kN (24,504,000 lbf). Isp: 454 sec. Burn time: 194 sec. Isp(sl): 377 sec. Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Span: 28.00 m (91.00 ft). Length: 61.30 m (201.10 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 18. Engine: CD Module. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage. 10% plug nozzle.
  • Stage 2. 1 x Nova MM T10RR-3-2. Gross Mass: 1,229,000 kg (2,709,000 lb). Empty Mass: 136,000 kg (299,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 12,052.000 kN (2,709,397 lbf). Isp: 454 sec. Burn time: 397 sec. Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Span: 21.30 m (69.80 ft). Length: 21.80 m (71.50 ft). Propellants: Lox/LH2. No Engines: 2. Engine: CD Module. Status: Study 1963. Comments: Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage.

Status: Study 1963.
Gross mass: 7,248,800 kg (15,980,800 lb).
Payload: 419,000 kg (923,000 lb).
Height: 100.00 m (320.00 ft).
Diameter: 21.30 m (69.80 ft).
Thrust: 90,514.00 kN (20,348,356 lbf).
Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • CD Module Notional lox/lh2 rocket engine. 7361 kN. Study 1969. Isp=420s. CD Modules - conceptual engines of various thrusts, according to design - were clustered in Martin Marietta Nova designs More...

See also
  • Nova Nova was NASA's ultimate launch vehicle, studied intently from 1959 to 1962. Originally conceived to allow a direct manned landing on the moon, in its final iteration it was to put a million-pound payload into low earth orbit to support manned Mars expeditions. It was abandoned in NASA advanced mission planning thereafter in favor of growth versions of the Saturn V. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Stages
  • Nova MM T10RR-3-1 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 5,517,000/680,000 kg. Thrust 109,000.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 454 seconds. Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage. 10% plug nozzle. More...
  • Nova MM T10RR-3-2 Lox/LH2 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,229,000/136,000 kg. Thrust 12,052.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 454 seconds. Operational date would have been July 1977. Recoverable stage. More...

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