Encyclopedia Astronautica
Orel V4

Russian winged orbital launch vehicle. Fully reusable vertical takeoff, horizontal landing two stage to orbit concept. Abandoned in favor of Orel V6.

LEO Payload: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 51.00 degrees.

Status: Study 1997.
Payload: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb).
Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Orel In the late 1990's the Russian space industry undertook the Orel programme to evaluate technology for future launch vehicles. The goals included evaluation of possible concepts for a future Russian launcher, reusable launch vehicle key technology research and analysis of "X-vehicle" flight demonstrators for technology validation. More...
  • Winged In the beginning, nobody (except Jules Verne) thought anybody would be travelling to space and back in ballistic cannon balls. The only proper way for a space voyager to return to earth was at the controls of a real winged airplane. More...

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